Frank Parsons Career Matching Theory

Amazing Essays
In 1908 Frank Parsons developed a simplistic matching theory whereby he matched people with jobs according to their skills and the skill requirements of employers. This was the first attempt at producing a career guidance theory. The theory is that everybody is different and that these differences can be measured. The requirements of individual jobs can be measured and the two matched up. Consequently you get the right person for the right job. Most careers software programs such as kudos and adult directions are based upon this concept.There are “right” and “wrong” jobs for all of us and if we match the requirements of a job with a person who possesses the correct attributes and skills set then a perfect match can be achieved. This theory …show more content…
However it relies upon a stable labour market and as today we generally have a fluid and fluctuating one people have to be able to adapt and be flexible through- out their working lives. The concept of a job for life is an out- moded one and most people have to engage in lifelong learning through- out their careers.
2) John Holland also developed a differentialist theory of career choice in America in the 1950s. His model is still used quite extensively today particularly in America. His theory relies on the idea that most clients can be described by one of six personality types: realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising and conventional. There are also the same corresponding six different employment environment types.
Realistic personality types are practical people who enjoy working with their hands. They have an aptitude for making, building, operating, fixing equipment and machines. They may prefer working outside with animals, plants and machinery. Occupations from farmer and electrician to pilot and sports professional corresponded to this type. He provided recommended subjects that would help develop skills such as maths, horticulture, physical education
…show more content…
The theories are based upon differential psychology and they view guidance as a process through which rational decisions can be arrived at. It relies on the client possessing excellent self -awareness; they require an accurate knowledge of their skills, aptitudes and abilities. Furthermore as Parsons (1908) himself suggested with his “talent matching” approach, individuals also require accurate labour market information. Clients or indeed the practitioner have to be able to make a rational and objective judgement about how the two sets of facts inform each other. The trait factor theory relies upon the idea that information gathered regarding individuals and employment opportunities will lead to the client possessing more informed decision making

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    By the children engaging with materials, getting involved in different activities and working closely with other students this help meet the needs of the ever growing child. I found it is important to teach children to work together in the developmental process. Plants and gardening will do just that it also teaches the students about learning through doing, plants and gardening will help to…

    • 1199 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    If we can prove that the personal traits can predict the job performance with enough testing then it is definitely a great strategy and approach to use. Specially knowing that studies have shown that personality traits do often correlate with job performance. 2. If you wanted to hire the brightest people around, how would you go about recruiting and selecting them? When it comes to hiring there are multiple ways, but before we dig deeper into them it is important that hiring managers are aware that effective recruitment is crucial.…

    • 1699 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Refer to the ability to build good relationship with employees and to understand their values and goals required managers to possess good human relation skills. Human relation skills focus on working with people (Annaraud, 2004). Managers should know what their employees background so that they can get along well inside or outside the working premises. Since managers get things done through other people, they must have good human skills to communicate, motivate, and delegate (Robbins, 2001). Managers must handle their employees well because employees’ job satisfaction will also result to customer satisfaction.…

    • 718 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The chapter characterizes practical wisdom as a quality someone inherits. Those that have a lot of wisdom are good at getting tasks done and because of that they should be good at compromising , bringing individuals together , and being able to settle differences. (Heinrichs 108) Heinrichs conveys the concept to the reader by suggesting that someone uses this idea to judge someone’s core character and not just be fooled by their day to day demeanor. You can get to know someone’s true character with this method and not get caught up in just the things they tell you. This chapter is effective and meaningful to me because we all have jobs as human beings.…

    • 1040 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    To understand the significance of Six sigma training, one should know that six sigma usually means a measure of quality that strives for near perfection. It is considered an important methodology that provides tools and techniques to improve the capabilities. Simultaneously, it reduces the possibilities of breakdown in all types of projects as well. This is one of the most indispensable parts of shaping a company’s culture. Almost any company’s employee can take the benefits of Six Sigma training.…

    • 726 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Autonomy In The Workplace

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages

    What type of pay is best and how do we convince our people it is the best choice? Skill-based pay has been selected the most to ensure we get the most out of our people and they receive pay commensurate for that skill. Autonomy within the maintenance departments has been extremely difficult to implement, however success can be achieved with perseverance and guidance. Skill-based Pay In general, most organizations utilizing maintenance crafts are developing multi-craft maintenance employees. Multi-craft skilled personnel are trained to be mechanics, electricians and electronics technicians due to the highly technical nature of the equipment used in industries today.…

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    All of these things pretty much describe me for the job. I like to work with animals. I also like to be outside and get well…

    • 1012 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Examples of professions are designers and architects. Next, I will continue on naturalist intelligence. Individuals with high naturalist intelligence tend to love the nature world. They have the ability to recognize nature such as they can categorize types of flower, animal and other. This type if individuals usually like outdoor activities such as field trips.…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    1.What makes a good role model and how can I ensure that I act as a role model for employees I supervise? A good role model has behaviours and values that are desired by others. Role models are superior to their own and one of the traits that an employer looks for. You will find that a good role model will constantly apply themselves with in their organisation. A good role model has the right attitude and the ability to achieve goals that they set.…

    • 908 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Personality Assessment

    • 1377 Words
    • 6 Pages

    For example, organizational structure is an area of the Pearson assessment that I thought would help me become a better employee. The organization structure is important because it defines how task within the organization are grouped, divided and coordinated (Robbins and Judge, 2009). Understanding the organization structure is important because it teaches me how things are organized within an organization. Additionally, the motivation section of the assessment is essential to becoming a better employee. The motivation section of the assessment is important because it explains what motivates an individual.…

    • 1377 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays