Florini And Nussbaum And The Social Contract Theory

1682 Words 7 Pages
Critically review the arguments of Florini and Nussbaum:
Nussbaum (2001) explains that the social contract theory dominates the western political philosophy and this theory considers the principles of justice as the result of contract, the people make. People make this contract for mutual benefit and live according to the rule of law..Her main focus is on John Rawls ' work on contractual theory. Nussbaum admits that such theories have some strength in terms of global justice but these theories suffer from some structural defects and can produce imperfect results. According to John Rawl(1971), if resources are scarce and all the contractors or parties involved are equal in power, they are bound to cooperate to achieve their respective goals.
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However, critics have identified flaws in this approach. For instance, Lamey(2001) has given the example of a wealthy handicapped person in a wheelchair : she doesn 't have any financial constraints but only an absence of opportunity for getting access to public places. Even if she hires a porter to carry her to her desired places, still it won 't solve her problem. Her sense of self-respect and dignity will be restored only when she would be able to move on her own. Only wheel chair-accessible buildings can address her situation. Beyond economic measures of well being, there are actual capabilities of people we have to think about. Martha Nussbaum(2011) calls such capabilities as Capability Approach to Human Development. Amartya Sen was the first who pioneered this wheel chaired example and now Nussbaum has applied this approach to issue of justice for poor, disabled and animals(Lamey,2001).According to Nussbaum(2011), Capability approach is a set of human entitlements, similar to human rights, as a minimum of what justice requires for all(p 4).The following table gives a clear understanding of the these Central …show more content…
In her article "Why the governments won 't solve everything", she explained how the state governments have evolved. During the 20th century, state governments were very powerful owing to history, resolution of conflict, democratic franchises and the need for high degree of government intervention in the economy. Also, wars consumed most part of the 20th century and the world societies couldn 't face the challenge of preparation for wars and reconstruction after wars without governments ' support. Another reason of governments supremacy in the 20th century stemmed from people 's belief that economies can 't get strong footings without government support. It 's pertinent to mention here that this belief engendered from the failure of the Great Depression and the rise of Communism in the USSR during 1960s who strongly supported government 's supervision of enterprises. However, in the current global scenario, government power is now waning(p 63). The world is mostly at peace and state seldom wage wars against each other. Also, governments have started encouraging privatization of the state-own enterprises and have stopped meddling in areas which the private sector can handle effectively. All other factors like feudalism, colonialism, and empires have withered away. In this digital age, people

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