Erikson's Psychosocial Theory Of Human Development

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Evolution of Education Theories According to Bredekamp (2014), theories perform an explanation of how information and observations are organized to relate to one another (p.101). As children grow through time, their experiences and brain activity develop differently. Over the years research has shown that theories are in fact evolving overtime due to the changes in the way children learn. Theories that have been made often affect the way people, educators, parents, doctors behave. Some theories are in fact influential to educators within the classroom setting. There are three particular theories that related to the factors applied to students within the classroom. The three theories known as Erikson’s psychosocial theory of human development, Piaget and cognitive theory, and Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory that each share similarities and differences.
Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of
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Similarly, each theory expresses a child’s growth from infancy to adulthood. Each theory believes that development is viewed as the mastery of conditioned reflexes (Vygotsky, 1978, p.30). Each approach within the stages are based on the learning trails that appear behind development. Children begin learning before they enter school because they learn based on their environment. These theorists each present a list of stages that occur as children develop from infancy to adulthood. Both
Piaget and Vygotsky believe in learning through social interaction. In contrast, Piaget’s theory focuses on cognitive development where children learn from those that are around them. Whereas, Vygotsky believes that cognitive development is influenced through social engagement. In addition Erikson’s theory focuses more on the social crisis that children may encounter throughout their lifespan. Erikson’s stages go into late adulthood and Piaget stops at adolescence.
Influence of

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