Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of …show more content…
Similarly, each theory expresses a child’s growth from infancy to adulthood. Each theory believes that development is viewed as the mastery of conditioned reflexes (Vygotsky, 1978, p.30). Each approach within the stages are based on the learning trails that appear behind development. Children begin learning before they enter school because they learn based on their environment. These theorists each present a list of stages that occur as children develop from infancy to adulthood. Both
Piaget and Vygotsky believe in learning through social interaction. In contrast, Piaget’s theory focuses on cognitive development where children learn from those that are around them. Whereas, Vygotsky believes that cognitive development is influenced through social engagement. In addition Erikson’s theory focuses more on the social crisis that children may encounter throughout their lifespan. Erikson’s stages go into late adulthood and Piaget stops at adolescence.