Examples Of Classical Conditioning

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I’ve got some crazy hungry cats. They crave wet food. Any time they hear the sound of the can being opened they immediately run to the kitchen, start to whine, and jump on the counter where they know it is going to be prepared. If they can’t hear the sound, it’s the smell that grabs their attention, but they usually keep an ear open for it, as it is the most exciting part of their day. Their meows and rubs against my leg seem to be their way of telling me to hurry up, as if that would speed up my ability to deliver this disgusting smelling dessert to them. This was all closely examined as I tried to classically condition my cats. One day, I found an object that would play a strange, non-food related sound: a toy bird. Every time I decided …show more content…
This is a learning process that can be found in both humans and animals. There are three types of learning, including associative learning, which occurs when an organism makes a connection between two events. Within associative learning, there is classical conditioning, which occurs when an organism learns the association between two stimuli. Classically conditioned organisms are able to anticipate events they have been trained to expect as a result of other occurrences. Specifically, classical conditioning is the learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with an innately meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar …show more content…
The farther apart these two are, the more difficult it is to learn the relationship between them. For example, if I played the chirping noise to my cats and gave them food five hours later, they would have had a harder time associating the two than if I gave them the food one minute after ringing the bell. In addition, the time in which the conditioned stimulus comes in comparison to the unconditioned stimulus is vital. Contingency means that the conditioned stimulus must always occur before the UCS, otherwise there would be no learning. What if I had only played the noise after feeding the cats? Or after I opened the can? They would have ignored it. One problem that can be faced while classically conditioning something is when the organism begins to generalize. Generalization is the tendency of a new and similar stimulus to elicit the same response the actual conditioned stimulus produces. As long as the unconditioned stimulus is not provided after that similar stimulus, the organism has a chance of discriminating between the two, which is the process of learning to respond to only the specific stimuli while in the presence of other similar

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