One learning approach in psychology is the behaviourist approach. The main assumptions of behaviourism are that behaviour is a response to a stimulus and that what we do is determined by environment. Behaviourists also assume that learning processes are common to all species – meaning that there is little difference between humans and animals as well as believing that all complex behaviour is the result of learning through interaction and that people are only born with a small amount of reflexes.
Two processes are used in behaviourism to explain how people learn – classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is learning through association which was discovered by Pavlov through