Examining How Young Children Accept Advice From Better Informed?
Rakoczy, Ehrling, Harris, and Schultze 's experiments wanted to evaluate how young children accept advice on topics they have no knowledge in; while how adults make judgements has been well-studied, the way children make judgements has not (Rakoczy et al., 2015, p.71-73). Through these experiments, Rakoczy et al. (2015) wanted to determine whether children actively sought advice from better informed, as adults would; additionally, they wanted to see whether or not children were willing to change their judgement based on another 's advice (p.71-72). This goal being motivated by the bias of adults to favor their original judgements despite hearing advice from others (Soll & Larrick, 2009).
There were two similar experiments conducted on the topic. To prepare the subjects, the children, age 3-6, were shown two simulated advisors on a computer. The advisors then demonstrated their expertise by presenting pictures of animals, that the children would know about, and naming them (Rakoczy et al., 2015, p.74). One of the advisors, the knowledgeable Mr. Red, then named an Axolotl, an animal the children had likely never heard about, while the other advisor, the ignorant Mr. Blue, stated that he knew nothing about that animal (Rakoczy et al., 2015, p.74).
During the actual experiment, the children were asked to play a computer game assigning appropriate amounts of food to unfamiliar animals (Rakoczy et al., 2015, p.74). After they made their initial choice, one of…