Examine the Argument That Social Identities Are Often Characterised by Inequality Based on Your Reading of Material in ‘Connected Lives’ and the Article the Act.

1305 Words May 27th, 2013 6 Pages
Describe what table 1 and 2 tell us about local authority decisions about homelessness in England

The data in table 1 shows a clear increase in total decisions made between 1998 and 2004. Total number of decisions made in 1998/99 was 244,830 and this figure increased up to 298,390 by 2003/04, an increase of 22%. This increase is seen along all four groups. ‘Unintentionally homeless and in priority need’ increased by 30%, ‘homeless but not in priority need’ by 21% and ‘not homeless’ by 5% however ‘intentionally homeless and in priority need’ more than doubled in this time. From 2004/05 onwards all four groups of figures steadily decreased up until 2009/10. However, ‘intentionally homeless and in priority need’ further increased again
…show more content…
Taylor (2012) argues that identity whether social or personal can have a negative as well as positive value and defines inequality as how certain people establish unequal positions over others, making some people be more able to influence or control and gain more power. For example homeless people are characterised by inequality in that other people view the homeless as either being that way due to alcohol, drugs or another negative reason. Taylor (2012) describes this as being a negative collective identity. For example they are collectively identified as homeless people by others who see themselves in a more positive way. This is sometimes called the unmarked identity in which people see themselves in a positive ‘normal’ as opposed to the others ‘the homeless’ as a negative.

Taylor (2012) describes this unmarked identity through the research conducted by Jonathan Raban. Raban visited New York in 1980’s where at the time the number of homeless people was at a record high. Other people described the homeless as ‘long term metal patient’s discharge from hospital or crack addicts’. They were eventually named the ‘Street People’. (Raban, cited in Taylor 2012, p 175). This was of course a relational identity where one side of the relationship was named the other side of the relationship was not. Taylor (2012) describes how Raban went on to the streets of New York where he performed the identities of that being the homeless person and that of the people who walk

Related Documents