The Importance Of Evidence Based Practice In Nursing

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Evidence-based practice is most often defined as “integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systemic research”. (Sackett, 1996). This is where the art of nursing and the science of nursing become one, and the result is to produce the best possible outcome for the patient in the clinical area, and promote a higher quality of life. Nursing has changed dramatically since its beginning in the 16th century where the religious matriarchs were considered the caretakers of the sick; to the present where nurses are able to hold doctorate degrees, and lead interdisciplinary teams that develop standard practices that are beneficial for the wellbeing of the patient. In 1960, nursing was recognized as an applied science, and this was a changing moment for the profession in the way of nursing research and knowledge. However, it was not until the early 1990’s that the nursing profession began to expand and embark on yet another growth spurt. Nurses became more proactive and began collecting evidence, and obtaining research to create policies and procedures for a set standard of care. The implementation of this process has been proven more effective in patient care. However, we cannot lose focus of our nursing predecessors like Florence Nightingale, which paved the way by publishing “Nursing Notes”, and gave the nursing practice a voice. This took many decades to gain popularity and become the respected field that it is today. Research and evidence along with the grit of our predecessors, nursing became a career, and evidence-based practice was gaining ground slowly and also receiving the respect of healthcare providers
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- The roots of evidence -based practice can be traced back to the primitive procedure of bloodletting.
• 1972- Archie Cochrane stressed that random controlled studies were necessary to gauge the effectiveness of the healthcare

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