The purpose of this essay is to critically analyse and summarise three selected papers which focus on a structured question, linked to a relevant issue with in my nursing programme. The specific question in focus is “what are the experiences of parents/guardians caring for a child with autism”. Within this essay there will be a description as to how and why the pacific question was chosen. There will also be an explanation of how the correct research papers where allocated. Further on in the essay the three chosen papers will be analysed to determine their trustworthiness. When formulating a question there are two frameworks that can be used these are known as “PICO” and “PIO” these terms will also be discussed in further detail within
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In order for the three research papers to be located it was vital that a structured search was carried out to ensure the papers were specific. Before searching any databases, synonyms were developed for the key words of the structured question. Synonyms are words that can be used and have the same meanings as another word. This allows the searches to be more successful and inter links different papers that have comparable outcomes. For instance the issue within the PIO structure was autism therefore other words such as autistic and asperger disorder where used as they have similar links and relate well to the question.
The second stage of Evidence Based Practice is to search for the correct literature which can be done through using a variety of databases. These are used to ensure the most appropriate papers were located in relation to the structured question. The databases searched were Medline, PsycINFO and Cinahl. Just L (2007, P3) states when it comes to searching for exact information on medical conditions and procedures Medline is one of the best sources of information and will identify many references and controlled trials. PsycIFO is a database provided by the National Library of Medicine, the database is the premier online collection of bibliographic