Ethnic Groups in Pakistan Essay

1195 Words Jul 23rd, 2006 5 Pages
Since its birth, Pakistan has been home to various multi-ethnic societies and groups in all its provinces. The activities of these groups have had varying impact on the political history of Pakistan. This paper analyses the impact of the Sindhi ethnic society (also known as the "Jeeya Sindh movement") on the political history of Pakistan during the 1970s. I then provide a critique of the government's response to the demands of these movements and then suggest my opinion as to how the government should have reacted so as to have a better outcome.
At the creation of Pakistan, a large number Mohajirs migrated from India and settled in to Sindh. From 1947 to 1951 nearly 1 million Mohajirs settled into Sindh (Rais, Rasul Buksh). They had also
…show more content…
To please the Sindhi's further, Bhutto made Sindhi the national language of the province and made it compulsory from fourth to twelfth grade in all schools (Rais, Rasul Buksh). All the se steps were a result of growing Sindhi nationalism and as a result of these steps Sindh saw a drastic political impact when the PPP was overwhelmingly favored by the rural Sindhis and all candidates of the Sindhu Awami Mahaz were defeated who previously dominated the politics of Sindh (Rais, Rasul Buksh).
The Sindhi nationalist movement also had considerable indirect impacts that are of great importance to the history of Pakistan. The rise of Sindhi nationalism also gave the initiative for other ethnic groups to rise in order to safeguard their interests. One main area where this impact can be seen is the rise of the Mohajirs (who were the main group being affected by the Sindhi nationalist movements during the 1970) who eventually ended up making MQM which is the main driving force behind the Mohajir ethnicity and has been dominating elections in Hyderabad and Karachi for many years (Rais, Rasul Buksh).
As the Sindhi nationalist movement triggered other ethnic groups in the country, the entire population got divided into smaller groups, all working towards the safeguard of their own interests, which left the so

Related Documents