Environmental Impacts Of Automobiles

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1 – environmental impacts from the use of automobiles has centered on emissions, climate change and fuel economy.
2 – About three-quarters of the average car can be recycled.
2 - Eighty to 90% of a vehicle’s environmental impact comes from fuel consumption and emissions that lead to air pollution and greenhouse gases.

Brake Debris and Tire Particles
1. Substances raise toxicity levels in nearby soilds and in the case of timre particles, lead to the formation of black carbon. Cause Lung toxicity and account for significant proportions of particulate matter in urban areas. Cars shold be deseigned to accommodate less toxic materials and to minimize wear on brakes and tires.

Painting and Coating
1. Painting and Coating account for 62%, or the largest share of environmental impacts durin the manufacture of automobiles.

Vehicle Weight
1. lowever vehicle weight to reduce vehicle emissions. Heavier behicles
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A large part of the mass in a vehicle is comprised of steel, which is made from iron ore. The manufacturing and distribution of vehicles affects energy consumption, air pollution and the release of toxic substances.

After Life - Auto Shredder Residue (ASR)
1. ASR is the material that remains after a vehicle is recyclable parts and then “shredded”. This material consists of hazardous material such as “rubber, foam, plastic, and cloth contaminated with lead, cadmium, mercury, chrome, PCBs, phthalates, PBDEs and other toxics.” ASR toxics have a very large potential to be released into the environment. ASR is commonly used in landfills as a covering for the disposed waste.
3 – Automobiles’ materials pollute the environment even after their useful lives have ended. Hazardous materials are in car parts and batteries, that leak into the ground in the car cemeteries known as junkyards.

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