End Stage Renal Disease Essay

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End-Stage Renal Disease and Technological Advancements
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the fifth and final level of chronic kidney disease. According to The Kidney Foundation of Canada (n.d) by the fifth level, the kidneys have lost at least 85% of their ability to filter waste. Once the disease has progressed to this stage, action must be taken to increase the probability of patient survival. The kidneys are a vital organ that is needed for survival; similarly the weakness of the kidneys usually correlates with diseases to other organs (Kurts, Panzer, Anders, & Rees, 2013).
Like any sickness, there is a long process between diagnosis and treatment. First, once the patients have shown symptoms of ESRD, they must be properly diagnosed; this
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Those living with ESRD will need to continuously manage their treatments, as the disease is fatal, but luckily technological advancements have facilitated improvement in the detection and treatment of ESRD.

Earlier Detection
There are many benefits to early detection of ESRD. It gives the patient the upper hand; gives them an opportunity to improve their health and plan ahead for the future. Early detection allows the patient to battle the disease at its most vulnerable state, and according to Johnson et al. (2013) early identification and treatment of chronic kidney disease can decrease the risks of kidney failure, and cardiovascular disease by up to 50%.
Technological advancements have aided in earlier detection of ESRD by furthering the amount of diagnostics we have access to during screening (Tetta, Roy, Gatti, & Cerutti, 2011), and the information sharing once the data is collected.
Carr and Brown (2001) explain that there are six different methods available for screening a patient for renal failure:
• Clinical examination of the
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According to Garcia, Harden, and Chapman (2012), renal transplants improve both the lifetime expectancy and quality of life for the patient. The transplants are also the most cost effective solution. The only thing that limits the procedure is the supply, since the procedure makes use of another human kidney (Saeb-Parsy & Watson, 2011). The risks associated with renal transplantation are primarily during the operation, and directly after the operation when seeing if the patient’s body will accept the donor kidney; medical monitoring equipment is essential to success during these high risk stages (Weber & Lockhart, 2013). Renal transplantation is nearly 60 years old and continues to be improved to better treat patients with kidney failures (Morales et al.,

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