End Stage Renal Disease Analysis

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End-Stage Renal Disease and Technological Advancements
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the fifth and final level of chronic kidney disease. According to The Kidney Foundation of Canada (n.d) by the fifth level, the kidneys have lost at least 85% of their ability to filter waste. Once the disease has progressed to this stage, action must be taken to increase the probability of patient survival. The kidneys are a vital organ that is needed for survival; similarly the weakness of the kidneys usually correlates with diseases to other organs (Kurts, Panzer, Anders, & Rees, 2013).
Like any sickness, there is a long process between diagnosis and treatment. First, once the patients have shown symptoms of ESRD, they must be properly diagnosed; this
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Once the diagnosis of ESRD has returned positive, the patient must choose a procedure to battle their disease. The three main procedures for this stage of the disease are renal transplantation, hemodialysis (HD), and peritoneal dialysis (PM) (LaRocco, 2011). Thanks to technological advances in ESRD treatment, patients now have multiple options when considering a procedure to battle their disease; these technologies all come with pros and cons, but in the end all contribute to saving lives of patients with …show more content…
According to Garcia, Harden, and Chapman (2012), renal transplants improve both the lifetime expectancy and quality of life for the patient. The transplants are also the most cost effective solution. The only thing that limits the procedure is the supply, since the procedure makes use of another human kidney (Saeb-Parsy & Watson, 2011). The risks associated with renal transplantation are primarily during the operation, and directly after the operation when seeing if the patient’s body will accept the donor kidney; medical monitoring equipment is essential to success during these high risk stages (Weber & Lockhart, 2013). Renal transplantation is nearly 60 years old and continues to be improved to better treat patients with kidney failures (Morales et al.,

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