Emile Durkheim And Max Weber Analysis

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Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber have been three of the most influential theorists whom today, still play a role on how our world functions. Although these theorists differ in their beliefs, by clustering them together they give the perfect and precise analysis of a modern society. Karl Marx in his theory focuses mainly on class struggle and economics. Through his analysis of modern society, he argues that the proletariat class should rise in unison and fight against the bourgeoisie. Contrary to Marx 's beliefs, Emile Durkheim believes that society molds humans into specific forms that serve a specific role in society, thus he argues in favor of solidarity. Lastly, Max Weber argues in favor of rationality because he believes that as …show more content…
Karl Marx believed that in order to have a state of Eden, meaning everything peaceful and equal, then the working class (proletariat class) ought to unite and fight against the Bourgeoisie. Thus the first task would be to obtain control of the means of production. Means of Production was divided into two categories; sources of production which were the workers, and the forces of production which referred to the technology used in order to create an item. Although here the contradiction is that Marx belonged to the Bourgeois class, he believed that the proletariat class needed allies to support the movement against the plutocracy and its government. One of the main reasons for attacking the means of production, is that since the ruling ideas prevail through the means of production, then by attacking, the superstructure would become weak. Another reason to tackle down these two constructs is because in a plutocracy, only the rich people have control of the nation and they set up the government, which …show more content…
Durkheim is a consensus and an order theorist in the sense that he is trying to bring people back into society. For Durkheim, division of labor consists of 2 constructs which are mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. For example, when a society is created, it becomes mechanical solidarity in the sense that the masses in the community have a specific purpose. For instance, farmers grow produce just like other farmers, store owners sell items like other stores do, etc, thus mechanical solidarity, demonstrates that individuals in society, are similar to each other. Eventually people with different specializations will move into society and eventually shift the community from a mechanical solidarity to an organic solidarity. With organic solidarity, individualism begins to expand, division of labor is formed which overall leads to the conscious collective shattering or changing. Once this process starts, individuals feel the repercussions on the grounds that their identity begins to slowly fade away and the urge to feel wanted and belonging overpowers the individual. When the individual cannot find a group they feel wanted by, their only solution becomes suicide. For Durkheim, abnormalities such as deviance affects solidarity, in the sense that deviance is both a positive and

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