Emergency Nurses And The Emergency Department Essay

806 Words Feb 26th, 2016 4 Pages
One of the issues that emergency nurses will run in to will be overcrowding in the emergency department. In 2013, there was a study done on the relationship between emergency department (ED) crowding and patient outcomes (Bernstein et al., 2008). More and more individuals are using ED services. From 1999 to 2009 there was a 32% increase in visits to the ED. With this increase there was also a substantial increase in hospital admissions and ICU admissions, indicating that there was an increase in acutely ill patients that sought care in the ED. The increase in acute patients and the lack in hospital capacity for these admissions only adds to the problem of overcrowding.
This study is a systematic review conducted to examine the relationship between emergency department crowding and patient outcomes. The authors looked at research from 2002 through 2012 that pertained to this issue. Ultimately they ended up using eleven studies for this research article. Their findings included several important conclusions. In situations where there was ED crowding, 30-day mortality was significantly greater for pediatric patients than the 30-day mortality for pediatric patients where there was no crowding. The 10-day mortality for patients admitted during crowding periods was 34% higher than those admitted when there was no crowding. For those discharged, the 7-day death rate for those who visited during crowded periods were higher than those who visited during times that weren’t crowded.…

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