Effects Of Poverty In Brazil

2128 Words 9 Pages
Brazil is the largest country in South America and one of the most populated countries in the world, with a population of more then 200 million people in 2015 (UNDP, 2016). Brazil’s economy is amongst the top ten in the world, largely due to its agricultural and mining sectors. Coffee, soybeans, iron ore are among the many exports of Brazil; in 2015 Brazil exported 189 billion dollars. Brazil’s government is a presidential republic and contains twenty-six states. Dilma Rousseff was recently impeached in 2016 and Michel Temer is now Brazil’s new president. President Temer hopes to end the corruption that is taking place in Brazil, despite the current allegations against him. While Brazil has one of the largest economies, they also have one of …show more content…
According The World Factbook, 15.1% of the population lives below the poverty line, in comparison to Brazil who has 21.4% (The World Factbook, 2016). The United States has one of the highest poverty rates compared to other developed countries. Keeping this in mind, poverty in the United States looks different compared to poverty in Brazil. In the United States, drinking water and sanitation facility access is close to 100%. When comparing the multidimensional poverty index between Brazil and the United States, Brazil was at .011 versus the United States that was non-applicable. As discussed earlier, children who live in poverty are forced to live in slums with high sanitation problems and lack of clean water. Many children who live in poverty in Brazil are child labor workers, either by force or necessity. According to UNICEF, child labor from 2002-2012 was at 0% in the United Sates and 8.6% in Brazil (UNICEF, 2016). The majority of children who live in poverty in the United States come from low income and single parent households. Children who live in poverty in the United States face issues of homelessness and lack of adequate food or hunger. There are many programs that aim to assist those living in poverty in the United States such as TANF, WIC, and Medicaid, and homeless shelters. There are drawbacks to these programs, such as availability, qualifications, and accessibility. However, when comparing to poverty in Brazil, especially children living in the shantytowns. Poverty is a major issue in both Brazil and the United States while both are different, it is important to understand the issues and impacts, in order to begin reducing the number of children living in

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