Essay on Effect of Foster Care on Children

2438 Words Apr 28th, 2011 10 Pages
Effect of Foster Care on Children
Human Development
March 30, 2011

Introduction/ Problem Statement Each year 542,000 children nationwide live temporarily with foster parents, while their own parents struggle to overcome an addiction to alcohol, drugs, illness, financial hardship or other difficulties (Mennen, Brensilver, & Trickett, 2010.) The maltreatment they experienced at home, the shock of being separated from their birth parents, and the uncertainty they face as they enter the foster care system leave many children feeling abandoned or lost. Children have many needs, but while in foster care these needs are not always met. A supportive family environment is created for those children whose parents are not able to take the
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Many school days are missed while transitioning from home to home. School credits many not always transfer between schools, which is another loss to the child that needs to be made up. Poor educational outcomes of children in foster care increase their vulnerability and can impact their future. A common belief with growing support, is that early interventions such as education have an effect on the outcome of an adult’s health and the quality of adulthood (Ryan, Hong, Herz,, & Hernandez, 2010.)

Moving out of the system into adulthood Each year, more than 20,000 children across the U.S. turn 18 and “age out” of the foster care system. These youth are making the transition from childhood to adulthood with no guidance, support, or assistance which has a strong impact on the direction of their adult life (Mennen, Brensilver, & Trickett, 2010.) When transitioning out of the system, there is a lack of resources to prepare these teenagers to productively and independently live in society. While resilient and strong in their own ways, too often these youth face life-changing decisions without the influence to make good choices. Many will experience mental illness, criminality, and inability to function in society (Ryan, Hong, Herz, & Hernandez, 2010.) From the 20,000 that are turning 18, less then half have

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