Essay about Designing A Career Guidance Theory

1352 Words 6 Pages
In 1908 Frank Parsons developed a simplistic matching theory whereby he matched people with jobs according to their skills and the skill requirements of employers. This was the first attempt at producing a career guidance theory. The theory is that everybody is different and that these differences can be measured. The requirements of individual jobs can be measured and the two matched up. Consequently you get the right person for the right job. Most careers software programs such as kudos and adult directions are based upon this concept.There are “right” and “wrong” jobs for all of us and if we match the requirements of a job with a person who possesses the correct attributes and skills set then a perfect match can be achieved. This theory provides a rational and logical approach to job broking. This is the format which most recruitment agencies utilise. This approaches career guidance from a person-environment correct fit perspective and usually involves the practitioner utilising questionnaires as an aid to diagnosing and assessing the client. The result of the guidance interview is the practitioner suggesting the client should take a specific course of action such as applying for their closest job match, which is available to them. Parsons argued that productivity and individual work performance is highest when people are in jobs that best suit their skills. An element of self- efficacy is built into this theory as the client can also assess their own abilities and…

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