Depression And The Aging Population Essay

1742 Words May 3rd, 2016 null Page
Later adulthood is considered to begin at age 65 and continue through 85 and on (Hutchison, 2015, pp. 365)). The United States is experiencing an increase in the aging population, with 13% of the population being 65 and older and expecting to increase to 33% by 2031 (Lam, Cervantes, & Lee, 2014). The older adult populations encounter many challenges; one major issue among this population is depression. Clinical systems of major depression are found in 15% to 30% of community-dwelling older adults. Studies also found the rate of major depression were 14%-42% higher among older adult residents of long-term facilities (Lam, Cervantes, & Lee, 2014). Utilizing theories such as resilience theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory, social workers can work to meet the needs of this issue and the population that it affects. There is an increased emphasis on the biological, psychological and emotional needs among the older adults because of the population increase. Adults are experiencing many developmental characteristics during this transition into later adulthood. Some biological changes that occur are a decrease in vision, hearing and brain mass (Hutchison, 2015). A critical psychological change in later adulthood is the changes of personalities, such as ego integrity and despair. Intellectual changes, learning and memory are also changes that occur within in late adulthood. While experiencing many changes, older adults also face environmental changes when they are put into…

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