Trust And Mistrust In Psychology

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Developmental psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the factors that affect how a person grows and develops physically, mentally, and socially with age. The human body is constantly changing and adapting to new emotions and surroundings, but the foundations of how you respond to outside stimuli goes back to childhood and infancy. The aspect of nature and nurture also affect a person 's development and how they will respond in certain situations. The aspect of nature deals more with a person’s biological factors and nurture deals with how the person was raised, how they learned, and what they have gone through. Early childhood is when a person starts to develop an ability to think, morals, language, social patterns, and they start to develop their own interest. One of the most important things you start …show more content…
A child learns trust in the first year of their life which can be a very good thing or a very bad thing. If the child is well-taken care of and is shown affection and is cared for properly the child will develop trust and they will feel safe in the world. If a child is mistreated and neglected in the first year of life they can develop much anxiety and a lack of trust which carries on throughout their life. This idea of trust and mistrust is the first part of Sigmund Freud’s theory of Psychosexual Development and Erik Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages (Morris & Maisto, 2013). The next stage occurs right after and is developed through the first and third year of life and is autonomy against shame and doubt. This is where children realize that they can make decisions for themselves and be independent. Children begin to pick out things for themselves that they prefer and they begin to do things by themselves and for themselves. A parent in this situation has to support the child and be there to help them make decisions but not make the decisions entirely for them. If a child is doing something on

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