Malone, J. C., Liu, S. R., Vaillant, G. E., Rentz, D. M., & Waldinger, R. J. (2016). Midlife Eriksonian psychosocial development: Setting the stage for late-life cognitive and emotional health. Developmental Psychology, 52(3), 496-508.
This study addresses the question of potential association between midlife Eriksonian model psychosocial development and late life emotional wellbeing and cognitive functioning with depression as a mediator. Erkisonian psychosocial development is a way to measure adult human development over the human life span. It measures how a human adapts to evolving challenges from infancy to old age. The researchers expected that difficulty achieving development goals would …show more content…
A mediation model was based on the idea that lower achievement in development tasks taken from Erikson's model hinders emotional heath. The mediation model was meant to explore if late life depression would account for the relationship between lower development in midlife and neuropsychological functioning.
The research design for this study is a Meta-analysis. They researchers pulled data from past longitudinal studies that spanned over seventy-five years. This was used so they could answer new questions while using previous reliable data. The previous studies tracked Erikson’s development as well as late life neuropsychological data and controlled for adolescent IQ and education levels. The researchers used 159 male participants, they chose them from a previous study titled the Study of Adult Development it spanned over seventy-five years. The participants were eighty-five Harvard college sophomores and seventy-four inner city males. The inner-city males were taken from a previous study on juvenile delinquency and studied by the Study of Adult Development researchers. The college participants were chosen from another study on male psychological …show more content…
They also had a higher Mini Mental State Exam score. This prompted the researchers to think that participants with a higher midlife psychosocial development stage would have lower depression and better executive functioning in their late life and that memory abilities were completed unrelated. Greater levels of depression lead to lower scores on all neuropsychology tests completed. Two mediation models were based off significant correlation within the data. One was formed to examine Erkisonian development effects on the Mini Mental State Exam using depression as a mediator. The other, still using depression as a mediator, examined the relationship between Eriksonian development and executive function. A mediation model for memory was not formulated because no significant correlation involving memory was found. The effect of Eriksonian development on the Mini Mental State Exam was significant as well as the Eriksonian development levels on depression. Higher levels of depression lead to lower cognitive function regardless of Erkisonian development because depression still has significant effects on cognitive function hen Erkisonian depression is controlled for. When earlier research was extended it was found that further midlife development achievements still lead to less depression and higher