Defining The Term ' Collective Bargaining ' Essay

1745 Words Nov 28th, 2016 7 Pages
1. Define the term “collective bargaining” and list and describe four issues that are mandatory components of a collective bargaining agreement.
Collective bargaining is defined as “U.S. labor relations system that works effectively, efficiency, equity and voice in which are achieved through collective bargaining. In collective bargaining, the representatives of the employer and the employees negotiate the terms and conditions of employment that will apply to the employees.” (Budd 11) The terms and conditions that are typically negotiated include
(1) Compensation: wages, benefits, vacations and holidays, shift premiums, profit sharing. (2) Personnel policies and procedures: layoff, promotion, and transfer policies, overtime and vacation rules. (3) Employee rights and responsibilities: seniority rights, job standards, workplace rules. (4) Employer rights and responsibilities: management rights, just cause discipline and discharge, subcontracting, safety standards. (Budd 11)
The three primary objectives of labor relations include efficiency, equity and voice; the interesting part is attempting to balance all three for an overall happy medium in the workplace for both employees and employers. Collective bargaining is a promising action that helps achieve this balance. Budd states that “employers cannot singlehandedly dictate compensation, policies, and work rules; rather, workers have a collective voice when employment conditions are being determined.” (12)
An interesting…

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