Control Slull, Enovid: The Social Impact Of Birth Control

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The first hormonal birth control pill, Enovid, was approved by the Federal Drug Administration in 1690. Hormonal contraceptives work by combining estrogen, the female sexual hormone, and progestin, a derivative of progesterone that prevents ovulation, together to inhibit ovulation and create an inhabitable cervical environment for both sperm and embryos. Therefore, oral contraceptives effectively block the fertility cycle by not allowing sperm to meet an egg or implantation of a fertilized fetus. When a woman takes birth control, she effectively can prevent pregnancy until she feels ready physically, mentally, and financially to support a child. This reproductive control directly impacts the social institutions of education, economics, and family.
In order to understand the social impact of the birth control pill, it is first important to note the history and need behind the birth control invention. Women entered the public sphere of society after assuming roles of their husbands during the Civil War. When their husbands returned, they were to properly return to the home or were forced into the
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She met with Gregory Pincus in 1950 about to discuss her idea. He found her idea fascinating and headed the project of creating the first birth control pill. Pincus began synthesizing a pill of both estrogen and progestin. In 1960, the first Federal Drug Administration approved hormonal birth control pill, Enovid, was placed on the market. At first, it was only prescribed to married women. Soon however, the Pill became assessable to every woman within the United States. It became the most reliable and affordable method of family planning (Watkins, 1998). The Pill separated the use of contraception from the heated moment of intercourse. Ultimately, it gave women the power to consent to creating her own family; a power that was previously only given to

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