Comparing Chrysippus And Zeno Of Citium Essay

732 Words Dec 1st, 2016 3 Pages
Chrysippus and Zeno of Citium are very similar individuals as far as their philosophies are concerned. Both were involved in the idea of Stoicism. Zeno was the founder of Stoicism whereas Chrysippus expanded the fundamental doctrines of Zeno of Citium, granting Chrysippus the name as the second founder of Stoicism. Both philosophers divided their philosophies into 3 different parts which are ethics, logic, and physics. Both philosophers also expanded on the theory of knowledge but not as much as ethics, logic, and physics. Most of the theories that Zeno developed are difficult to understand so it is thanks to philosophers like Chrysippus that we get an insight as to what Zeno was talking about.
For the philosophy of physics, both philosophers believed that the universe is God. Chrysippus believed that God is the guiding principle of the universe, "operating in mind and reason, together with the common nature of things and the totality which embraces all existence.(Cicero, De Natura Deorum, i. 15). Zeno believed that God is not separate from the world; he is the soul of the world, and each of us contains a part of the divine fire (Laërtius, 1925). While going on the subject of “divine fire”, both philosophers believed that a divine fire, also known as aether, exists. Aether in Greek mythology is a figure of the Highest or Superior Heaven. Chrysippus believed that this divine fire is what people call Zeus, and that the air which permeates the seas is Poseidon, and that the…

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