Cell Phone Use And Driving Essay

1187 Words Apr 22nd, 2016 5 Pages
Cell phone use and driving has been a highly discussed topic in the past ten years. While cell phone use is almost unanimous, the danger of being distracted while driving has lead many states to ban the use of hand held cell phones while in the car. Passing laws that require hands free devices such as blue tooth to keep your attention on the road. While it is not a guarantee that this is totally safe it lowers the risk of loosing attention while driving. This is due to how our brain codes information and how we attend to certain stimuli. While driving we are taking in constant visual stimuli, for example when you are driving you see a red light and stop. While driving may become slightly autonomous over time, attentive and working memory resources are being used to watch the road. While you are physically looking at your phone when texting, you are also using mental resources to decode and sort what you are seeing. This means that even when you look up you could still be distracted from the road because your attentional resources are being split up between the phone and driving. Contrary to common belief there is no such thing as “multitasking”. The brain cannot preform two tasks at the same time; it however switches between each task. While it does this very fast it is still only preforming one task at a time leading to a drop in the effectiveness of the other task. In a study by Mcnabb & Gray (2016) it was found that “Brake reaction times (BRTs) were significantly greater…

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