Causes And Symptoms Of Heart Disease Essay

1022 Words Oct 21st, 2015 5 Pages
Heart disease is a broad term used to describe any cardiovascular disease or condition that affects the cardiovascular system. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 47% of all Americans have at least one of the risk factors for heart disease and many don 't know it. Understanding heart disease is crucial to its prevention, however, so it 's important for you to know the causes and symptoms of heart disease. You should strive to prevent heart disease if you can and know your treatment options if you already have it.

Causes of Heart Disease

Some people are born with heart disease due to congenital defects of the heart. Others may develop heart disease later in life as a result of bacteria and viruses or diseases that affect the heart such as Rheumatic fever and diabetes. Obesity affects heart health as well, as do some prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements. Atherosclerosis, however, is the most common type of heart disease in the United States.

Atherosclerosis is caused by a build-up of cholesterol in the arteries. This buildup restricts blood flow and can block it altogether. Your heart must work harder to push blood through narrowed arteries which increases your blood pressure. This artery narrowing is often the result of eating fatty foods and those high in cholesterol.

Diet isn 't the only life choice that impacts heart health. Other behaviors that put you at risk for heart disease include smoking tobacco,…

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