Risk Factors Of Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular disease is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases and the leading cause of death in the United States. Every year about 1 million Americans die due to cardiovascular related problems, which is about 42% of total death per year. Cardiovascular disease is the disease of heart and vascular system of the human body that includes narrowing down or blocking of blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries) that can lead to range of diseases such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, congenital heart defects, angina (chest pain) and stroke. Even though cardiovascular disease is common only in adult population, it is very likely that each age group including children and adolescents have the disease risk factors. Most common …show more content…
Physical inactivity is one of the biggest reasons to why so many of us have some form of cardiovascular disease. Physical inactivity increases the risk of heart disease and stroke by 50%. Besides physical inactivity there are other risk factors that significantly put an individual at a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. Among them are the obesity, smoking, alcohol and diabetes. People who are Obese have higher chances of having cardiovascular disease because the fat in the body affects the blood lipid levels and insulin using ability of the body. When the Insulin is not used properly the body has higher chances of developing diabetes and the diabetes is known to cause cardiovascular disease. Similarly active/passive smoking and heavy alcohol consumption also causes cardiovascular diseases. Medications such as contraceptive pills and therapies such as hormone replacement therapy may also lead to cardiovascular diseases. An individual may not necessarily develop cardiovascular disease even if they have risk factors but people who have higher risk factors are always at higher likelihood of having the heart disease. These are the controllable risk factors of cardiovascular disease; uncontrollable risk factor includes age, family history and race. As an individual grow older his/her chances of getting cardiovascular disease increases. And individual, who has a history of heart disease in his family as well as the racial background such as Asian, African-American, Pacific Islander, etc., has higher chances of having cardiovascular

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