Cardiac Surgery At St. Mary Hospital Surgery Essay

813 Words Mar 4th, 2016 4 Pages
In the current semester, I have had the pleasure of caring for patients on the postoperative (PO) cardiac surgery unit at St. Mary’s Hospital. In this professional practice experience, I received the opportunity of caring for a female client who unfortunately suffered a myocardial infarction and subsequently received coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Whilst caring for my client, I observed her using her incentive spirometer (IS) which is a standard protocol for PO CABG patients on the unit. This event reminded me of a prior clinical experience on a general PO surgical unit where IS had been eliminated, apparently due to cost. Immediately, I began to reflect on the effectiveness and the role of IS therapy for PO cardiac surgery patients. In addition, I pondered the fact that cardiac surgery was a very invasive and lengthy procedure and, perhaps, this is why IS is used in this setting.
Research Question In order to address the uncertainty and determine the effectiveness of IS, a focused research question was devised. Specifically, the research would need to answer: what is the effectiveness of IS for patients that have undergone CABG surgery for the prevention of PO pulmonary related complications compared to routine deep breathing and coughing (DB&C)? In order to construct an answerable question, the four elements of Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome must be determined (Flemming, 2008, p. 19). In this case, the population for this question will…

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