Perso-Islamic History

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Islamic History: Comparing the Roles of the Samanid and Buyids Contributions in the Creation of the Perso-Islamic Synthesis

This religious analysis will define compare the religiously adaptive and tolerant Islamic practices of the Samanid and Buyid Dynasties in the creation of the Perso-Islamic synthesis. The Buyid Dynasty adapted the more flexible Twelver Shia policies to enforce local leadership under an Imam that was not installed as a member of Ali’s family. Buyids often relied more heavily on localized Imam leadership as a form of regional Perso-Islamic synthesis for greater political and governmental autonomy. In similar manner, the Samanid Dynasties tolerant view of Islamic orthodoxy through Sunni doctrines also supported the Twelver
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The Samanids were part of a greater collation of local dynastic regions that sought to defray the orthodox traditions of installing a Arabic descendent of Muhammad to govern the Persian peoples. In some ways, the local Samanid government was primarily Sunni, but the government was very tolerant of Buyid Twelver Shias that were in close regional proximity. These regional dynasties defined the important role of religious tolerance and the flexible policies of Sunni traditions that favored localized rulers as a challenge to the traditional orthodoxy of the caliphate: “The history of the Islamic east becomes primarily that of largely autonomous, hereditary, regional dynasties: The Tahirids, Saffarids, Samanids and Ghaznavids.” These autonomous dynasties define the flexibility of orthodoxy, which was typically associated with Sunni policies related to orthodox compliance with Arabic standards of religious conviction. Although the Sunni Samanids were Sunni and the Buyids were Twelver Shia, it is apparent that the underlying synthesis of Persian culture was a more important objective in retaining the autonomy of this culture within an Islamic caliphate: “To these one could add the Buyids as well, but the history of that dynasty is so closely interwoven with that of Iraq that it is best considered in the context of the caliphate’s history.” Certainly, this comparable trend in the autonomy of religious leadership defines the Perso-Islamic synthesis that overrode Arabic orthodoxy in terms of the descendents of Ali ruling these regions of the empire, which allowed a more flexible and non-orthodox religious toleration of leadership to arise within these dynasties. In this leadership policy, the Samandis were very similar to the Buyids generating

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