Biography Maria Montessori Essay

2354 Words Feb 18th, 2009 10 Pages
BACKGROUND
Maria Montessori was born in the town of Chiaravalle, Italy on August 31, 1870. Though most of the information on Maria's childhood seems to be uncertain, with disagreeing dates, contradictions and omissions, I found a majority of the information about her childhood in Maria Montessori: A Biography by Rita Kramer (1976). Her father was Alessandro Montessori who was "an old fashioned gentleman of conservative temper and military habits." (Kramer, 1976, p. 22). He was a soldier in his youth and a civil servant later in life. Her mother was a woman named Renilde Stoppani. She was eight years younger than her husband. For the time period, she was very well educated and loved to read books. This was really incredible because in the
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There is not much recorded on how she did it but she persisted until she was excepted into the school. In Kramer it was mentioned that Pope Leo XIII helped her somehow (1976). It was incredibly shocking that a woman was accepted into the school during this time period. It was also considered odd to find a woman working side by side with men looking at a patient or studying the human body. During the time she was at school, she lived at home and had very little campus life experience, however, gradually other students began to accept her. Her and her father did not talk a lot because he was still upset about her studying medicine. Her mother continued to support her and sometimes helped her study.

In 1896 she had to present her thesis to a board of ten men. They were highly impressed with her work and granted her the degree of doctor of medicine. This made her the first woman to graduate from medical school in Italy. Not only did she graduate, but with a very impressive record. At this time anything over a 100 was considered brilliant. Maria scored a 105 (Kramer, 1976).

Shortly after, she was chosen as a representative of Italy at two different women's conferences (Maria Montessori: A Brief Biography). The first was in Berlin in 1896 and the second in 1900 in London. In November of 1896, she was asked to replace a surgical assistant at the place she was a medical assistant the previous year, Santo Spirito. While there she cared for patients more

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