Gothic Church Persuasive Essay

Improved Essays
With Christianity spreading along the Mediterranean, Christina congregations needed buildings to accommodate large number of converts. Constantine, the first Christina emperor decided to build the Basilica of San Peter on the Vatican Hill in Italy Rome in an area that had been formerly a cemetery where according to the traditions Peter was crucified. The principal portion of the Basilica, the nave was very long. Two aisles ran along the side of the nave making it wider. In the west part of the Basilica, the nave rose in to a clerestory. Attached to the nave was a cross arm, such a resemblance of that of a cross became deeply symbolic for early Christians. Though Basilica of San Peter was derivate from imperial Basilicas, some modifications were incorporated to accommodate the needs of Christians. The entrance of the basilica was from one end, placing the altar at the other end of the basilica in the semicircular apse. The entrance consisted of a propylon preceding to an atrium with colonnades.

Byzantine, Hagia Sophia, Constantinople. One of the most
…show more content…
In France alone, eight were built. The cathedral of Amiens replaced an old church that was destroyed by a fire. Many of the characteristics like pointed arches, broken rib vaults, and flying buttresses were incorporated in Notre-Dame de Amiens, reaching the stage called High gothic. Some of the principal changes in Amiens was the size of choir having as many bay units as the nave. The interior of Note-Dame de Amiens consisted of side aisles covered with rib vaults. The piers opened up by the clerestory windows. Another characteristic of Amiens is the network of thin colonnettes in the clerestory piers, emphasizing the vertical reach of the Gothic cathedral. The vaults and the nave contribute to an optical illusion since all the elements of the design reach upwards. By reaching higher walls Amiens was able to infuse more

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Gothic architecture is also often referred to as pointed architecture, as the pointed arches are the style’s defining characteristic, as opposed to round arches in Romanesque architecture buildings. There are many similarities between Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Many churches inherited the basic design from Romanesque architecture. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_architecture) They had many similar characteristics such as the cruciform plan with the nave longer than the other three arms, the use of the basilica form and arcades separating the nave and aisles. One of the main distinctive characteristics of Gothic architecture were the grand, tall designs.…

    • 1231 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One such similarity is Justinian is shown holding bread, while Theodora is carrying a chalice, two objects that are symbols for the Eucharist. Justinian is accompanied by twelve people, or in the Christian religion equivalent, twelve apostles. Justinian is portrayed in his mosaic in a similar manner as Constantine. There is also a shield with Christ’s symbol that can equate Justinian’s conquest of Ravenna to Constantine’s triumph that led to the founding of Constantinople. Justinian was an heir to the Constantinople court.…

    • 581 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Basilica of Saint-Denis is a Roman Catholic abbey church located in what is now Paris. The original building was built by King Dagobert in the 7th century to house the relics of Saint Denis, a former Parisian bishop and the patron saint of France, as well as the remains of French kings. In the 12th century, there was increased religious pilgrimages to view relics, and increased acceptance of the idea that individuals connect with God through, rather than despite, the material world. As a result, in 1140 the Basilica was reconstructed by Abbot Suger, who believed that a more glorious church was needed to properly honor Saint Denis and to accommodate the large number of visitors to the relics. Suger, inspired by writings that he attributed…

    • 1093 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    By using examples such as the Durham cathedral in Britain, and the The Cathedral of Saint-Lazare in France, I aim to exemplify the development of the Romanesque architecture through focusing on architectural vaults, arches and decorations, to support my essay further. Romanesque architecture was an amalgamation of Roman, Carolingian, Ottonian, Byzantine and local Germanic traditions, and a product of the increase in religious ardor from the 10th to 11th century. An architecture development during the period was dominated by the Christian Church, the edict of Milan forms a logical starting point, the moment when the emperor Constantine gave Christianity an official status within the Roman Empire. There was a great importance to build larger churches to contain monks, priests and pilgrims for the viewing of sacred relics. The spread of…

    • 900 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The stained glass windows are extremely large and colorful with dark edge lead framing another indication of the Gothic style which allows more light to enter than the previous Romanesque churches which had relatively small windows and the interiors were dark. While Romanesque structures were built with five doorways, Gothic structures had three, suggesting the symbolic triune nature of God. Both numerical values represent holy references to the divine. Gothic style architecture was also adopted by Judaism around the same time in the construction of Altneu synagogue in…

    • 507 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Envisioned by Joseph Magnin, the first St. Patrick’s Cathedral, originally named St. Peter and often referred to as the Old Cathedral, built in 1815, burned down in 1868. When its reconstruction finished, it was downgraded to a parish church on a site destined and purchased by the church as a burial ground. In 1853, the city commissioned James Renwick Jr. to device a cathedral to accommodate the growing population of immigrants of Catholic religion entering the United States. Renwick’s design for St. Patrick’s shows the influence of the Gothic style of French buildings. Due to reliability and cost, Renwick used white marble for the construction.…

    • 1275 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Pantheon

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages

    It was also built with adjoining baths and water gardens. The name of the Agrippa can still be seen inscription across the façade of the Pantheon. In fact, Pantheon was destroyed by fire in 80 AD and was damaged and required replacement except for some parts of the lower porch section and foundation. In 118 AD, Emperor Hadrian redesigned the temple and added the impressive dome that the building is now known for. The building was later repaired by the emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla in 202 AD before the Byzantine emperor Phocas gave the building to Pope Boniface IV who converted the Pantheon into the church of Ssanta Maria and Martyrs in 609 AD.…

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There is a vast amount of light yet strong compound piers that support the immense weight of the stone walls, and once again the amount of windows greatly increases, which allows more light to enter. The ceiling uses a four-part ribbed vault that is calculated to support and modify the direction of the weights…

    • 1014 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    In 313, Emperor Constantine created the Edict of Man that allowed followers of Christianity to practice their worship freely and without oppression. Early Christian churches started construction soon after, and one of the most well known is Old St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, Italy, built from 320 to 327 CE. Christian Romans didn’t want their churches to resemble temples, because those were the places of worship of pagan gods. They did need a place that could hold many people, and would not be too expensive to build. The location they chose for the church was on the old grounds of the Circus of Nero, where St. Peter was supposedly martyred.…

    • 1306 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A typical building with Gothic characteristics can be seen with pointed arches, flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, and large windows. Some even have tracery, towers, pinnacles, and stain glassed windows. These characteristics help make the church seem more inviting instead fearful like the Romanesque style churches. In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the outside of the church can be seen with pointed arches, multiple towers, and large windows. The pointed arches helped make the building more eclectic and is one of the most notable features of the Gothic time period.…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays