Compare And Contrast The Basilica Of St Senin And Cathedral Of Chartres

Improved Essays
Comparing and Contrasting:
The Basilica of Saint Sernin and Cathedral of Chartres
Centuries have passed and to this day churches tower above France, marking the astonishing legacy of the Romanesque and Gothic styles designed in the Middle Ages. A Romanesque church example is the Basilica of St. Sernin in Toulouse, France 1080-1120 (fig.1) and an example of a Gothic church is the Cathedrale de Notre Dame de Chartres in Chartres, France 1194-1260 (fig.2). Much like their periods, the Basilica of Saint Sernin and the Cathedral of Chartres have many similarities regarding their styles, function, and context; however also have many differences.

The Basilica and the Cathedral both had radiating chapels and apse; vaults, arches; vault supports;
…show more content…
The artists were anonymous. The Gothic Cathedral was built under the direction of Bishop Fulbert and later Geoffroy de Leves. The Gothic style followed after Romanesque and was made as improvement to it. Both the Romanesque and the Gothic are designed for religious and educational purposes and even on a cruciform plan. The Basilica of Saint Sernin contains the body Saint Sernin, the first Bishop of Toulouse in c. 250 (Saint-Sernin Basilica). According to the tradition the Cathedrale de Notre Dame de Chartres has housed the tunic of the Blessed Virgin since 876. The Chartres communicates a message through the imagery of good and bad found throughout the church. Some symbolism found in the Cathedral are the light-stained glass; this makes you look toward the “light” and away from the “darkness”, it also allowed the church to be light-filled with colors which makes an breathtaking experience while standing in this large church. The vertical standing Cathedral makes people look up in the sky, which symbolizes looking up at God and divinity. Similarly, the Basilica allowed you to walk in and be in a “new world” from its vast spaces. The churches were places that people could belong to at this

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    A typical building with Gothic characteristics can be seen with pointed arches, flying buttresses, ribbed vaults, and large windows. Some even have tracery, towers, pinnacles, and stain glassed windows. These characteristics help make the church seem more inviting instead fearful like the Romanesque style churches. In The Hunchback of Notre Dame, the outside of the church can be seen with pointed arches, multiple towers, and large windows. The pointed arches helped make the building more eclectic and is one of the most notable features of the Gothic time period.…

    • 770 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Compared to Romanesque cathedrals, which were built out of very thick stone and were usually dark and cold, the Gothic cathedrals were some of the most exquisite things to have been created. Romanesque architecture was used to be functional as a church and a place to worship, the people of the high middle ages created a place where it could both be functional and beautiful, which is where Gothic architecture was born. They sculpted statues into the sides of the buildings and sculpted ornate details into the walls. The use of marvelous marble became popularized during this time and was used to sculpt these ornate statues and create interesting detailing throughout the cathedral. Stained glass windows were also one of the many new alluring artistic features of the gothic churches.…

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Within the stained glass, there are a combination of colors and imagery which presents God in different forms. The stained glass windows make some people feel secure because of the beautiful transcending coloring light that the windows give off make them feel comforting. Fred Kleiner, a publicist on Roman art/architecture and author of Gardner 's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective states, "The glass windows in a church are Holy Scriptures, which expel wind and the rain, that is, all things hurtful, but transmit the light of the True Sun, that is, God, into the hearts of the faithful" (365). Kleiner is suggesting that people feel compelled to churches because the stained glass windows make people feel that they are together with God, which is ultimately true. Stained glass windows are visually compelling, therefore catching the attention of everyone that comes inside a Church.…

    • 1147 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Gothic Cathedral Essay

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The various hues of colour catch the light and glow with mysterious and ethereal radiance that can only be likened to a higher order spiritual world. Brilliantly coloured stain glass windows adorn cathedrals such as Chartes which is a treasure house of stain-glass such as the Virgin and Child, The Window of Jesse and The Last Supper. The importance of light in Gothic cathedrals is reflective of Middle Age ideology that light was the purest form and often associated with Christ. The divine reality of God that light ignited for the people of the Middle Ages is solidified through the vertical architecture which not only draws the viewer’s eye upwards, but it draws the eye upwards towards the light and therefore towards…

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Pop Art Vs Popular Culture

    • 1555 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The spires tower above the landscape dominating the focus, while accentuating the large doors and windows. The use of repeated geometric stained glass windows surround the church, bring in a lot of natural light. The Gothic inspiration of the building shines throughout. The sheer magnitude of the endeavor is amazing as it has been under construction for 120 years and is still not completed. This work depicts the time in that it embodies the Gothic style and architecture of the period.…

    • 1555 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The medium through which Suger achieved divine luminosity was the stained glass window. The transept of Saint Denis was, according to legend, blessed by Jesus himself through the ritual of “laying on of hands.” Because of this, Suger left it largely intact, so his most significant changes were to the apse area. The apse is surrounded by a wide ambulatory, and then seven apsidal chapels, housing relics. Illuminating each chapel is a large stained glass window, and the light flows into the wide open space of the basilica. Suger combined load-bearing stonework elements that already existed in Romanesque architecture in innovative ways to make this possible.…

    • 1093 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    1) Who was Abbott Suger and why was he important? What surprising “building material” did he use? Abbot Suger is the man behind the visionary masterpiece, Saint Denis, which is a stained-glass piece of work that created historical importance in Cathedral glass structure. He is very important for his early work of gothic architecture and his style inspired many builders for years. The building material he incorporated in his work was the concept of light to reflect a symbol of god inside the cathedral.…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This piece is very big compared to other Byzantine ivory panels. This piece shows a combination of pagan and Christian traditions, its originally part of a diptych. This architecture recalls the apse of a church. The angels face and his hair in the ivory reminiscent of the classical style. The other piece I choose was Sant’Apollinare, which was the first bishop of Ravenna.…

    • 1023 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Due to their need of emerging culture of pilgrimage, the gothic churches were modified to become taller and more dramatic. The sculptures and paintings were used to tell the story of Christianity. When I lived in London, I visited Westminster Abbey and the architecture is extremely breathtaking and the building is very large. There is a lot of detail in the architecture and the interior was just as beautiful and full of detail. The windows are adorned with very large intricate stained glass windows.…

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Beginning with the evolution of Romanesque architecture, a new mode of architecture had been born. Gothic architecture began in the midst of France during the Medieval period and through this emergence a series of cathedrals were born under the strain of Notre-Dame. One of the most fascinating is the divine Chartres Cathedral of Chartres, France, dedicated to the Virgin Mary (3). Noted as holy, feminine, and secretive the Chartres has been a fabrication of nothing short of extraordinary (2). The Chartres Cathedral is perhaps one of the most exquisite compositions of French High Gothic architecture and as a result may be one of the most magnificent cathedrals in France due to its historical structure and architecture, spiritual labyrinth, celestial…

    • 1516 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays