Modalities Of Music Therapy

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Art modalities are complementary or alternative therapies in which a therapeutic

relationship is established to improve an individual’s situation. There are various types of art

modalities that can be utilized in the health care field. The art modality of music therapy has

been shown to have a positive effect on expecting mothers and patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Music therapy may decrease labor pains and postpartum blues in women. Additionally,

in patients with Alzheimer’s disease may show decreased signs of anxiety and


Music therapy is the use of music and its elements such as tempo, sound, rhythm, and melody to have an emotional, behavioral or cognitive effect on the patient. Music therapy is an evidence based
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Anxiety may cause irregularities in cardiovascular system such as irregular

heart rate and hypertension. Music therapy has shown to decrease heart rate and lower blood

pressure (Hosseini, S. E., Bagheri, M. & Honarparvaran, N., 2013). Additionally, music therapy

and music intervention have shown an increase in pain resistance and deep breathing during

labor (Hosseni et al., 2013) Additionally, implementing the use of calm classical music during

labor may elicit positive feelings and emotions. These positive feelings and emotions will release

hormones such as endorphins, serotonin and oxytocin. These hormones play a role in decreasing

pain, decreasing stress and increasing mood. (Hosseni et al., 2013) study shows a significant

decrease of visual, verbal and numeric pain felt by individuals who participated in the music

therapy versus participants who were not exposed to music (Hosseni et al., 2013). Music therapy

and music intervention may elicit an increased positive memory of labor for a mother.

A common phenomenon after a mother gives birth is postpartum blues. A woman
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One study found a decrease in anxiety with the use of music therapy

versus no music therapy during a sixteen-week duration (Guetin et al., 2009). The study also

showed a decrease of anxiety after two months of discontinued therapy. Additionally for

Alzheimer’s patients, music should be calm, relaxing and include a slow tempo.

Music therapist may not be readily available in health care centers. However, in the

clinical setting, nurses are able to implement music interventions with their patients. Music

interventions can be used with a variety of patients regardless of age or condition. Advancement

in technology has allowed for easy access to music. Music may have a soothing and calming

effect on patients. Music can be used on patient’s who are anxious, agitated and suffer from

insomnia. Music intervention is may be virtually free and can improve the atmosphere and mood

of the health care facility and patient. Nurses can also utilize music interventions for themselves.

In order for nurses to be able to care of others they must be able to take care of

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