Arrian Exercise Essay

9972 Words 40 Pages

[E] = quote from Epictetus
[S]= quote from Seneca
[MA] =quote from Marcus Aurelius

1. Introduction –God, Oneself and the Three Topoi

Know this, prokoptôn: God is the Soul, Creator and Sustainer of the Cosmos. Indeed one‘s mind (logos) is a fragment of God’s mind (the Divine Logos). One must go whither God wishes, whether or not one wants to. This is the Divine law of nature. However, to willingly go where God wills one is virtuous. A virtuous life is a life that accords with the nature of God and with
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Finally, for now, know also this, prokoptôn: If all seems lost, especially if all seems lost, do not lose heart. Trust God always. Live honourably at all times.

2. Deliberation – The Whole, The All and Physics (The First Topos)

a. Concerning desires - That we should never fail to get what we desire

“Where is improvement, then? If any of you, withdrawing himself from externals, turns to his own faculty of choice, to exercise, and finish, and render it conformable to nature; elevated, free, unrestrained, unhindered, faithful, decent: if he hath learnt too, that whoever desired, or is averse to, things out of his own power, can neither be faithful nor free, but must necessarily be changed and tossed up and down with them; must necessarily too be subject to others, to such as can procure or prevent what he desires or is averse to: if, rising in the morning, he observes and keeps to these rules; bathes and eats as a man of fidelity and honour; and thus, on every subject of action, exercises himself in his principal duty; as a racer, in the business of racing; as a public speaker, in the business of exercising his voice: this is he who truly improves; this is he who hath not travelled in vain. But if he is wholly intent on reading books, and hath laboured

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