Analytical Summary Of The Apology By Socrates

Decent Essays
The Apology Analytical Summary In The Apology, Socrates defends his teachings as a philosopher. Socrates is taken to trial by Meletus because he did not recognize the gods that were distinguished by the state, for inventing new idols that were not these gods, and allegedly corrupting the Athens youth. Although the word “Apology” is used in the title, Socrates was in no way apologizing for his beliefs. In fact, he was actually defending himself and his teachings. Socrates claimed that his behavior was due to the oracle at Delphi that clamed he was the wisest man in the world. This brings up the first theme: irony. Throughout the passages, Socrates passes his wisdom with his wit. He believes that he is in better standing if he knows less than …show more content…
Realism is a huge part of politics today. Socrates is, in a way, quite parsimonious. He explains the most with the least amount of information. He also sometimes neglects important issues. He only talked and identified what people thought he knew. Socrates asserted that he is wise only because he knows that he essentially knows nothing. Another theme and political issue is the idea of wisdom. When looking at Socrates, we realize he is a man full of wisdom. He was a philosopher and teacher. That leaves us with the question of whether or not we want our leaders in America such as our presidential candidates to have their own substantial form of wisdom. Is that important? And is it something we look for in a candidate? Is being elite important, or would we rather have someone leading us that we could sit down and have a beer with as our leader?
Discussion questions for the class:
1) What do you think Socrates thinks of religion? The reason he is on trial is for not recognizing the gods; however, he mentions his supernatural sign and it being possible for life after death. Was Socrates truly sinning?
2) Can we really believe everything that Socrates said? His speech was completely ironic in that he mentions that he is wise only because he knows nothing. Do you think the irony was a tactic to allow the jury to engage

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The Oracle of Delphi almost exclusively speaks in riddles, but when asked is there any man wiser than Socrates the Oracle responds: no. Journeying to speak to a well respected politician, Socrates’s experiences went like, “…I tried to show him that he thought himself wise, but wasn’t. As a result, he came to dislike me, and so did many of the people present.” (25). This is an exquisite exchange because Socrates notices that he, in fact, is wiser than this politician. Next, Socrates interviewed the poets, some of the greatest men at the pinnacle of rhetoric, and he questioned them to expound upon their poems as to see their wisdom and learn something.…

    • 749 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The “God wills” line is sort of a slap in the face to those accusing him because, for Socrates to put his fate in Gods’ hands, it goes against the very nature of the accusations of his atheist behavior. After Socrates gives the court some historical background as to why these rumors exist, he focuses his attention on Meletus and the first charge. Socrates begins by stating that, since Meletus claims to know who is corrupting the youth, he must know who improves them. After some back and forth between the two men, Socrates gets Meletus to say that all Athenians improve the youth and that Socrates is the only one who corrupts the youth. Socrates continues to use Meletus own…

    • 2276 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    ‘The Apology’ written by Socrates most famous student Plato, is a Socrates dialogue where he is defending himself from the accusations of corrupting the youth and not believing in the gods of Athens. He tells the court that these accusations are false and he does believe in the gods of Athens. He also tells them that he did not corrupt the youth, in fact the youth followed him on their own free will. According to Socrates the problem was that people who called themselves wise were not actually very wise, their knowledge was based on ignorance thinking that they were wise and he wanted to help them see that true knowledge was knowing nothing rather than believing that they know everything. As philosophy is based on questioning everything, he…

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Thrasymachus accuses Socrates of being the kind of person that learns from others instead of giving his own opinion and trying to teach others. Socrates agrees that he learns from others but does not agree that he does not try to teach others. Thrasymachus and Socrates finally agree that if Thrasymachus wins the challenge that Socrates will have to praise him because Socrates does not have money. Thrasymachus gives his definition…

    • 1313 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It’s so intriguing because Socrates ends up being put to death on accusations of corrupting the youth and of atheism. He states that all he did was make people think, not corrupt the youth and nobody believes him. When the Republic is read, it is made very clear that Socrates is not in fact, corrupting the youth, but making them use their brains and think for themselves. Each person provides a definition and some provide a definition of a famous poet that they cannot back up. Socrates continues to push and push these people to think about their definition and defend it.…

    • 1355 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In Socrates’ view, wisdom entails the understanding of the self. An individual needs to be aware of their existence, own thoughts and feelings, as well as their environment, in order to be considered wise. From this perspective, Oedipus was everything but wise. He pride himself with his achievements, his knowledge and fame, yet was ignorant of so many things. His pride led him to believe he was knowledgeable, disregarded the information and warnings from others, and thought he could shape his own fate.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Introduction Socrates is one of those individuals who helped in shaping the cultural and intellectual development of the world. From the reading of “Apology and Allegory of Cave” one can best understand him for his Socratic method of question and answer. He claimed to be ignorant and that the unexamined life is not wealth living for the human race. Whereas the Good Brahim story is an appropriate expression in defense of the low philosopher. Looking at Socrates’ attitude about philosophy, it can be notice that he denied having any kind of specialized knowledge, and at a point, he made an assertion that an unexamined life is not worth living.…

    • 555 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Socrates quickly and eloquently began to discuss about his idea and how he is willing to die for this idea. Socrates stated so powerfully, “If you think that by killing men you can prevent some one from censuring your evil lives, you are mistaken… the easiest and the noblest way is not to be disabling others, but to be improving yourselves.” (Plato, 1909-14) This statement along describes how powerful Socrates was then and still is today. This wise man, which refused any payment for his teachings, was a direct conflict with the Athenian government. Once he stated that if he was released of all the accusations against him based on the conditions that he would remain quiet and no longer question Athenian society, he would say, “I, men of Athens, salute and love you, but I will obey the god rather than you; and as long as I breathe and able to, I will certainly not stop philosophizing.” So Socrates would rather die than be silent and walk the earth. In conclusion, Socrates real charge should have been questioning the status quo in Athens and inspiring people to start to question people about their qualifications.…

    • 934 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This is vital in creating a successful society. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates, the wisest of all men, because he knows nothing, questions all men who thought to be wise. In his exploration, he encounters an unconscious society, oblivious to their surroundings, and that are governed by a false wisdom. This shows that knowledge gained through education will not always lead to righteousness, in fact, most of the time it will lead to tyranny and corruption. The elite groups are the ones who rule over the ordinary people.…

    • 703 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Socrates Reflection

    • 1813 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The philosopher starts his refute by saying that his reputation is associated with wisdom and this trait is seen as unlawful [Plato 22]. He who has wisdom and a sense of higher knowledge, should not be punished for it. All Philosopher who taught topics that are up in the clouds are charged with the same charges every single time [Plato 24]. As mentioned before, Socrates was seen as an evil-doer and a corrupter of the youth, but Socrates countered to the jury that Meletus is a doer of evil. He makes jokes about a serious matter and is too willing to take other men to trial on accounts of topics he has no interest in whatsoever [Plato 25].…

    • 1813 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays