Essay on An Exploration Of Unconscious Biases Against Female Leaders

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An Exploration of Unconscious Biases against Female Leaders The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014) reported that 57% of women aged 16 and over participates in the labor force in a full-time capacity compared to 69.2% of men within the same age range. Despite similar numbers of working women and men, women typically earn a lower salary than men. Citing statistics from 2014, the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (n.d.) reported that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns only 79 cents. This wage gap can be partly explained by the fact that men are more likely than women to hold positions of higher status, including leadership positions.
Leadership positions often allow men greater access to higher salaries as well as more power and prestige in the workplace (Glick, 1991). Stereotypical notions of gender, which place women in the role of the subservient helper, have proven to be problematic for women’s advancement in the workplace with regard to leadership positions. Swim, Aikin, Hall, and Hunter (1995) proposed the term modern sexism to help explain how biases against women operate both covertly and subtly, which help to prevent women from becoming leaders. In addition to, or perhaps in conjunction with, the idea of modern sexism, implicit attitudes are especially troublesome because they operate outside of conscious awareness (Greenwald & Banaji, 1995). These phenomena work together to create an invisible web through which a select few females are able to…

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