American Government Study Guide. Essay

1568 Words Mar 27th, 2013 7 Pages
Outside lobbying does not include the use of face-to-face exchanges between lobbyists and policymakers.
Outside lobbying does include the use of campaign contributions to legislators who favor the interest group, the news media to influence policy makers, targeting group resources on key election races, the print media to influence policy makers.
For a bill to pass in either chamber of Congress, it must receive the support of a simple majority of its members.
Because of the inherent tension in Congress between the need for strong leadership at the top and the individual congressional member's need to act according to local concerns, power in the Congress is widely dispersed.
The second most powerful person in Washington, D.C. (after
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There are roughly _4000_ political action committees (PACs) in the United States.
Congress's strength as a policymaking institution includes its ability to represent a wide range of interests, capacity for compromise and negotiation, responsiveness to local interests.
Economic groups have an advantage over non-economic groups because they have greater access to financial resources
About 90% percent of all PAC contributions go to the incumbents.
According to James Madison, the source of most interest groups or factions is the unequal distribution of property.
A standing committee in the House or Senate is a permanent committee, has jurisdiction over a particular policy area, has authority to draft, amend, and recommend legislation, is usually organized according to the seniority principle.
A flaw in pluralism theory is the fact that the interest group system is unrepresentative because some interests are far better organized and more powerful than others.
Committees kill roughly 90% percent of the bills submitted in Congress. The largest number of PACs are those associatedbusiness.
A primary difference between a political party and typical interest group is that the party addresses a broad range of issues.
The most important resource that most groups give congressional candidates is money.
James Madison's solution to the problem of factions (special interests) has,

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