Alfred Adler: The Father Of Adlerian Psychology
Adler was born in Vienna, Austria, on February 7, 1870. He was the son of a jewish grain merchant and had several siblings. In his early …show more content…
He met his wife, Raissa Epstein while he was completing his graduate studies. She was from Russia, and was a very smart person. They married in 1897 and had four children, two of which also became psychiatrists.
Alfred started his career in medicine as an opthamologist, and later switched to general practice. This is when he developed his organ inferiority theory. He opened his practice in the lower class area of Vienna. The practice was right across from an amusement park and a circus, which is where most of his clients worked. His circus performer clientele help him a lot when it came to developing this theory, since most performers have abnormal and sometimes strange strengths and weaknesses, which he could study more in depth.
Adler was one of the very few people to read Sigmund Freud’s dream interpretation book and think positively of it. This lead him to be invited by Freud to be a part of his weekly discussion group. They called these meetings the “Wednesday Night Meetings” and was a catalyst in the psychoanalytic movement. Also in attendance at the meetings was Rudolf Reitler and Wilhelm Stekel. The four of them started the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, in which Adler became the first …show more content…
He accepted a position at the Long Island College of Medicine, and also made an impact lecturing at Columbia University. Since he was jewish, the Nazi’s who occupied Austria, forced Adler to close his practice. After this, he permanently moved to America and brought his family with him. He visited Scotland to do a series of lectures at Aberdeen University in May of 1937. While in Scotland, he suffered a heart attack, collapsed in the street, and died.
One of Alfred Adler’s ideas is that everyone know what the perfect version of themselves is. Fictional Finalism was the name that he gave to this image. For example, if you look in the mirror, one may imagine themselves with a chiseled six pack and sharp jawline. Adler believe that the conscious and unconscious worked in harmony with each other to reach fictional finalism, which is different than Freud’s thought about the subject. Adler also did not agree with Sigmund Freud’s emphasis on sex, but thought that difficulties in one’s personality came from the feeling of