A Research Study Of Resident Progress Essay

815 Words Nov 21st, 2014 4 Pages
Literature Review Lees et al.’s (2004) summary article presents data from a meta-analysis of 29 studies of TC effectiveness, eight of which were randomized control studies. A randomized control trial (RCT) randomly assigns participants into either an experimental or a control group. The researchers reviewed the mechanisms at work inside the therapeutic community and concluded that TC’s have not generated the research literature necessary to answer the questions “how does it work.” Lees et al. attributed the paucity of research literature to a lack of emphasis placed on research, limited financial resources, and inadequate research methodologies and techniques. The investigators posit that clinical evidence shows TCs produce positive changes in people’s psychosocial functioning; however, this recognition needs to be further complemented by both qualitative and quantitative research studies.
Kressel et al. (2000) propose that the study of resident progress in TCs presents a daunting methodological challenge. The therapeutic community perspective views SUD as a disorder of the whole person affecting some or all areas of psychosocial functioning; substance abuse is a symptom of the disorder rather than the essence. Therefore, assessment of both client progress and long-term recovery necessarily involves measuring multidimensional changes expressed in terms of individual lifestyle and identity (Kressel et al., 2002). The researchers reported that past studies typically assessed…

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