Page 1 of 12 - About 113 Essays
  • Cooperation And Reciprocal Relationship

    anthropological research, like the Bantu people and the Basarwa people that Elizabeth Cashdan (1985) discusses. Although not all researchers have been as successful in identifying risk reduction reciprocity model in cross-cultural examples, such as Bliege Bird et. al. (2002), which proposed that this could be because of their treatment of free riders or just that they practice food and resource sharing without any concern for reducing risk of loss of resources. Either way, as previously mentioned quite a bit of research has been conducted to identify types of risk reduction reciprocity strategies, and much more research has been done to examine different types of relationships. Overall, the primary concern of this paper is going to be trying to identify a relationship or association between the proposed model and the formation of different types of relationships. Elizabeth Cashdan (1985) studied two indigenous groups: The Bantu speaking tribes (the Kalanga and the Tswana) and the Basarwa. In order to, illustrate these two groups Cashdan (1985) described their way of life and then how they engaged in this risk reduction reciprocity. In the article Cashdan (1985) describes this concept of insurance, which she defines as “a device for sharing losses” (p. 456). She states that insurance is a type of risk reduction reciprocity and is practiced very commonly, especially, in modern societies with automobiles, healthcare, and life expectancy. The Bantu speaking groups are more…

    Words: 1435 - Pages: 6
  • Bantu Migration Experience

    In this semester we have witnessed multiple encounters, big and small. The stories, experiences, and traditions have all been passed down by generations through books and local findings, allowing today 's world to be greatly influenced by history. Three encounters that I found the most interesting and influential are the Bantu Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa, Marco Polo meeting Khubilai Khan, and the Muslims Pilgrimage to Mecca. Each encounter strikes a different impact in today 's society such…

    Words: 1183 - Pages: 5
  • The Importance Of Bantu Education

    Introduction The apartheid government implemented Bantu Education Act of 1952 so to limit non-white (Ocampo, 2004). Dr Hendrik Verwoerd (1950s), South African minister for native stated that in the European community the Bantu’s place was to do certain form of Labour. He continued to say “What is the use of teaching Bantu child mathematic when it cannot use it in practice?” This can be linked to Sibusiso Bengu (1996) statement “A nation's struggle to...strengthen its democracy and build a…

    Words: 1746 - Pages: 7
  • Guns Germs And Steel Chapter 19 Analysis

    Jared Diamond, in Chapter 19 of the novel Guns, Germs, and Steel, proposes that the black Bantu ethnic group was able to exert dominance over the other four cultural groups in Africa in areas that food production was viable because the Bantu’s sedentary lifestyle was greatly advantaged compared to hunter-gatherers living in the same area. Diamond supports his claims by illustrating the major societal and organizational difference between the Bantu and hunter-gatherer groups and pointing to the…

    Words: 1303 - Pages: 6
  • Hindu Caste System

    rigid social structures. The Bantu people of Africa, for example were subject to more stateless-societies. The social structures in the Hindu caste and European feudalism are very similar and contrast sharply from the Bantu culture in terms of politics, religion, and economics. The Hindu caste system and European feudalism were similar in that they shared a…

    Words: 948 - Pages: 4
  • Mesopotamia Economic Development

    with India for copper, ivory, pearls and semi-precious stones. Babylonians imported silver from Anatolia, cedar wood from Lebanon, copper from Arabia, gold from Egypt, tin from Persia, lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, and semi-precious stones from India. Barter was the main form of commerce until silver became popular around 1750 BCE. A second area to look at is Africa. In particular, I will look at the area of the Bantu migrations which took place from 3000 BCE to 1100 AD. Originally, the…

    Words: 605 - Pages: 3
  • Desmond Mpilo Tutu: Spiritual Leader

    Tutu attended the Bantu High School in a Western native Township, where he later matriculated in 1950. He studied at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College from 1951 to 1953 and pursued a diploma in teaching (, 2015). Tutu was accepted in to the University of Witwatersrand to study a medical degree but could not attain a bursary. He then decided to follow in his father’s footsteps of teaching. After completing the course he went to teach at the Johannesburg Bantu High school in…

    Words: 718 - Pages: 3
  • Endangered Culture Essay

    Not specifically the Pygmies, but other cultures too. One way the conflicts between the Bantu and the Pygmies can be resolved is through kindness. Being acceptable and reasonable will reduce aggressive and negative actions amongst others. Studies show that the Pygmies have lower level of illnesses compared to the Bantu populations. The Pygmies may reach an agreement with the Bantu to help them reduce the illness levels they have and the Bantu will give them land-owning rights and help them…

    Words: 921 - Pages: 4
  • The Role Of European Colonialism In Kenya

    Before the legitimate colonization of Kenya took place, many different peoples settled in the area. Cushitic-speaking people from northern Africa settled in a region of East Africa, which is the region that is now considered Kenya, around 2000 BC. Due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, by the first century AD, Arabian traders frequented the Kenyan coast, eventually establishing Arab and Persian colonies. In addition to the Arabs and Persians, during the first century AD, the Bantu…

    Words: 286 - Pages: 2
  • Multilingualism Essay

    English), and nine Bantu languages (isiNdebele, Sesotho, Sepedi, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, isiXhosa and isiZulu). Due to such diversity, South Africa represents a highly valuable source of information for studying the phenomenon of multilingualism. The essay will first focus on South Africa’s peculiar historical background, which formed the contemporary linguistic landscape. Then it will discuss the interaction between languages in South Africa with an emphasis on English and its…

    Words: 1083 - Pages: 4
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