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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
sociology
the social science that studies human society and human behavior
social sciences
the disciplines that study human social behavior or institutions and functions
of human society in a scientific manner
social interaction
how people relate to one another and influence each other's behavior
social phenomena
observable facts or events that involve human society
sociological perspective
to look beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meanings behind human actions
sociological imagination
the ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life, concept of C. Wright Mills
anthropology
the comparative study of past and present cultures, most similar to sociology in terms of subject matter
psychology
the social science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organisms
social psychology
the study of how the social environment effects an individual's behavior and personality
economics
the study of choices people make in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants
political science
the examination and organization and operation of governments
history
the study of past events
social Darwinism
survival of the fittest society
function
the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system
verstehen
attempting to understand the meanings people attach to their actions
ideal type
a description comprised of the essential characteristics of a feature of society
theory
an explanation of the relationships among particular phenomena
theoretical perspective
a school of thought, is a general set of assumptions about the nature of things
functionalist perspective
broadly based on the ideas of Comte, Spencer, and Durkeim. The view that society is a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system
dysfunctional
a negative consequence an element has for the stability of a social system
manifest function
the intended and recognized consequence of an element of society
latent function
the unintended and unrecognized consequence of an element of society
conflict perspective
a perspective focusing on the forces in society promote competition and change
interactionalist perspective
focused on how individuals interact with one another in society
symbol
anything that represents something else
symbolic interaction
the focus on how people use symbols when interacting
culture
all the shared products of human groups
material culture
the physical objects that people create and use
nonmaterial culture
abstract human creations
society
a group of interdependent who are organized in such a way that they share a common culture and feeling of unity
technology
the combination of objects and their rules
language
the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system
values
shared beliefs of right and wrong, good and bad