What Is Sociology

Improved Essays
Nikole Scholes
Student Number-
Turnitin –
Words - 835 What is Sociology?
Sociology can be described as the study of human social relationships and foundations. It is the study of social behaviour or society including the origins, development and organisations. Macionis and Plummer (2012) defined sociology to be the “critical study of society, its studies the way people do things together” (Macionis and Plummer, 2012). Sociology offer a distinctive and educative way of seeing and understanding the social world. Sociology research aims to gain a deeper understanding and develop a broader knowledge of society that will help humans to understand the world in order to advance it. Here we address the history of sociology and its influential
…show more content…
Sociological perspective is the concepts of ontology and epistemology, this is way we know things vs what things are. Sociologist have used quantitative and qualitative methods to study sociology in order to determine economic function and shifts in society. For example, the shift during the 18th century from feudalism to capitalism, this had a large impact on the aspects of sociology where social integration, social inequality and social reproduction began to be investigated. Macionis and Plummer identified three major innovators in historical comparison and aimed to explain the concept of modern society these are; Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber (Macionis and Plummer, 2012).
Karl Marx saw a flow of conflict between groups that be believed lead to the exploitation and suffering of the
…show more content…
Marx believed that upper or capitalist class use the power of state to control social structure, meaning that social reproduction of division class benefiting only the capitalist class allowing them to continue to succeed. We can see this reinforcement in the state and power’s control of education, technology and religion essentially creating social inequality. These example support Webers social action theory where, human actions impact and shape another person’s actions. We to can see state and power in the production of medicine and health systems seeing the lower class with less vaccines and medicine due to their economic status. We can see through the current Australian health system that those in an upper class can afford private health care leading them to be able to gain better health cover and extras then a lower class citizen. This allows the upper class to remain generally healthier and live longer (How social class affects health,

Related Documents

  • Brilliant Essays

    Characteristics Of Max Weber

    • 4857 Words
    • 20 Pages

    Aron Raymond – Main Current in Sociological Thought, Vol. I & II. Giden, Anthony – Development of Capitalism & the Social Theory. Nisbet – The Sociological Tradition. Zeitlin – Ideology and the Development Sociological Theory.…

    • 4857 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Brilliant Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sociology In Social Work

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Sociology occupies an essential part in a social work study. This essay will explore and examine the position that sociology performs in the study of social work mainly focusing on the theories of sociology and certain other aspects concerning sociology. The theories that will be examined include the functionalist theory, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. The sociological aspects that will also be examined are deviance, crime, religion so forth. Sociology, according to Andersen and Taylor (2007 p.22) ‘’is the study of human behaviour in society’’.…

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The relationships we create with others, and the actions we make towards each other is what shapes society. Ervin Goffman studied our personal encounters and said “we make judgments about class and social status based on how people speak, what they wear, and other tiny details of how they present themselves to others” (Conley, 32). Each sociologist tries understanding society and has different theories explaining why society is the way it…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Interpretive Sociology

    • 809 Words
    • 4 Pages

    According to Marx, the purpose of this type of sociology is to not only research society and the social world but, to change it, specifically in the direction of social justice and democracy. The ultimate goal of critical sociology is to make judgements about society and how we can improve it to move it further in the direction of social…

    • 809 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Abdulrahman Almania WSU ID. A535D739 10/03/2016 Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Interactionism In the modern society, there are numerous methodological approaches in sociology. Sociology is the science of society, systems, components of it, the laws of its functioning and development of social institutions, relationships, and community. Sociology studies society, revealing the inner workings of its structure and the development of its structures (structural elements: social communities, institutions, organizations, and groups). As well as patterns of social action and mass behavior of people, as well as the relationship between the individual and society.…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Simply by comprehending social change and globalization sociologist will gain insight into social movements that impact society, which fulfills sociology's original goal to understand the world and its future (Giddens et al. pg 8-9). Overall, sociology helps individuals understand the unknown by using theories, such as social imagination to comprehend someone else’s point of view. Sociology also forces sociologist to think of the symbols of a culture, which assists them in understanding the nature of the culture. However, only using one method or perspective to analyze a situation will result in a limited appreciation of other’s contributions.…

    • 738 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    If one is to understand contemporary social life, then one has to study the history of social theory in order to make sense of today’s world. Gramsci and Habermas are both sociologists, and they both help to explain how society works and functions through power. Gramsci’s power relations of civil/ political societies and hegemony and Habermas’ model of system and lifeworld both affect social change. I will be examining how the power of civil and political societies create active consent and agreement in social groups to maintain social power. Next, I will be investigating how Gramsci’s concept of hegemony and historical bloc create social change.…

    • 1233 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Sociological Approach

    • 869 Words
    • 4 Pages

    It’s in the best interest of a sociologist to figure out the links between conflict and change and how those connections generate inequality and vice versa. But more importantly, this approach raises the question, how does society reduce this inequality? This approach paints a picture of a society that operates by benefitting those who are privileged, or have an advantage, while harming those who are underprivileged, or at a disadvantage, pertaining to their social patterns. Both the Social-Conflict Approach and the Structural-Functional Approach conduct research at a macro-level, meaning, “they shape society as a whole by having a broad focus on social structures”. (Macionis, Benoit, Jansson, Burkowicz, 2017) The only approach that has a micro-level…

    • 869 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are a few concepts that I found very interesting throughout this course. The first thing I will be taking away from this course will be the three theoretical frameworks of sociology. Every life situation can be categorized into either: functionalism, conflict theory, or symbolic interaction theory. Emile Durkheim’s work helped develop functionalism, focusing on society as a whole. Conflict theory explained through the work of Karl Marx, focused on the different social classes, races, and genders.…

    • 815 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Theories Of Sociology

    • 993 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Sociology is the investigation of social life, social change, and the social results of human conduct. Sociologists research the structure of gatherings associations, and societies and how individuals interact inside these settings. Sociology is an energizing and lighting up field of study that examines and clarifies essential matters in our personal lives, our groups, and the world. At the personal level, sociology examines the social causes and results of such things as sentimental adoration, racial and sexual orientation character, family conflict, degenerate conduct, maturing, and religious confidence (Crossman, 2016). At the societal level, sociology looks at and clarifies matters like wrongdoing and law, destitution and riches, bias and…

    • 993 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics