Theories Of Sociology

Good Essays
Sociology is the investigation of social life, social change, and the social results of human conduct. Sociologists research the structure of gatherings associations, and societies and how individuals interact inside these settings. Sociology is an energizing and lighting up field of study that examines and clarifies essential matters in our personal lives, our groups, and the world. At the personal level, sociology examines the social causes and results of such things as sentimental adoration, racial and sexual orientation character, family conflict, degenerate conduct, maturing, and religious confidence (Crossman, 2016). At the societal level, sociology looks at and clarifies matters like wrongdoing and law, destitution and riches, bias and …show more content…
Sociologist studied all aspects of social life, social changes by using different theories. This essay will explore these different theories by considering different social aspects.
A standout amongst the most vital theory of sociology is the functionalism approach which is a perspective in sociology that considers society to be an unpredictable framework whose parts cooperate to advance solidarity and dependability. It states that our lives are guided by social structures, which are moderately steady examples of social conduct. Social structures offer shape to our lives - for instance, in families, the group, and through religious associations. What's more, certain customs, for example, a handshake or complex religious services, offer structure to our regular daily existences (Crossman, 2016). Every social structure has social
…show more content…
In its present structure, conflict theory endeavors to negate the functionalist approach, which considers that societies and associations work so that every person and gathering assumes a particular part, similar to organs in the body. The pith of conflict theory is best typified by the great pyramid structure in which a world class manages terms to the bigger masses (Chafetz. 1997). All real social structures, laws, and conventions in the society are intended to bolster the individuals who have generally been in force, or the gatherings that are seen to be better in the society concurring than this theory. Conflict scholars would contend that all gatherings in society are conceived from conflict. An illustration may be that of guilds, which are created to battle for the premiums of laborers, though exchange associations are made to battle for the premiums of the well-to-do

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Sociology In Social Work

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Sociology occupies an essential part in a social work study. This essay will explore and examine the position that sociology performs in the study of social work mainly focusing on the theories of sociology and certain other aspects concerning sociology. The theories that will be examined include the functionalist theory, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. The sociological aspects that will also be examined are deviance, crime, religion so forth. Sociology, according to Andersen and Taylor (2007 p.22) ‘’is the study of human behaviour in society’’.…

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The relationships we create with others, and the actions we make towards each other is what shapes society. Ervin Goffman studied our personal encounters and said “we make judgments about class and social status based on how people speak, what they wear, and other tiny details of how they present themselves to others” (Conley, 32). Each sociologist tries understanding society and has different theories explaining why society is the way it…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Sociological Perspective

    • 574 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The study of human behavior is constantly being analyzed in order to understand the structure of society. Sociologists study the changes of society by looking at different perspectives that focus on specific small events and larger social patterns. They determine how people can ultimately influence and change society over time. Sociologists base their theories by using various theoretical perspectives that set the framework for their observations. One theoretical perspective is known as the conflict perspective, which was originated from Karl Marx and his work on class conflict.…

    • 574 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Sociological Approach

    • 869 Words
    • 4 Pages

    (Macionis, Benoit, Jansson, Burkowicz, 2017) Unlike the Structural-Functional Approach, this theory works to unveil not just the benefits, but also the consequences of a particular social pattern. For example, how patterns such as class, race, ethnicity, gender and age, positively or negatively affect areas, such as, money, power, education and social prestige. Sociologists studying this approach, will focus their efforts on ongoing conflict within a society and attempt to understand it. The key elements in this approach include, conflict, change and inequality. It’s in the best interest of a sociologist to figure out the links between conflict and change and how those connections generate inequality and vice versa.…

    • 869 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    What Is Sociology

    • 1913 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Nikole Scholes Student Number- Turnitin – Words - 835 What is Sociology? Sociology can be described as the study of human social relationships and foundations. It is the study of social behaviour or society including the origins, development and organisations. Macionis and Plummer (2012) defined sociology to be the “critical study of society, its studies the way people do things together” (Macionis and Plummer, 2012). Sociology offer a distinctive and educative way of seeing and understanding the social world.…

    • 1913 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Abdulrahman Almania WSU ID. A535D739 10/03/2016 Functionalism, Conflict Theory and Interactionism In the modern society, there are numerous methodological approaches in sociology. Sociology is the science of society, systems, components of it, the laws of its functioning and development of social institutions, relationships, and community. Sociology studies society, revealing the inner workings of its structure and the development of its structures (structural elements: social communities, institutions, organizations, and groups). As well as patterns of social action and mass behavior of people, as well as the relationship between the individual and society.…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Prompt 2 Each paradigm is a unique perspective on interactions and social relations in a society and between individuals. The three main paradigms are functionalist, conflict, and symbolic interactionist. A sociologist would view the social institution of the family in the functionalist paradigm by viewing the family as whole. They would look at the family as a mini society, and they would observe and search for the general agreement about values and norms within that family or “society”. They may ask themselves, “What do all the members of this family have in common with each other?” What are their shared beliefs and morals?” Furthermore, a sociologist using the functionalist paradigm believes “society is an entity or a whole that is made…

    • 830 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Social theorists, writers and philosophers of almost every time period have examined the convoluted relationship between social relations and individuals including Karl Marx and Georg Simmel. While some have taken the approach that individuals are shaped by their social world, others insist that the social world itself is what shapes individuals. There are a few theories that exist with regards to the connection between individuals and society which will be discussed throughout this short essay in order to fully explain the relationship between individuals and society. Starting off with the conflict theory by Karl Marx, he was primarily focused on the structures of society. The conflict theory is one of the fundamental ideologies that explains social life as a battle between social groups for power and scarce resources.…

    • 809 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Overall, theory helps us as sociologist with conceptualizing our research and developing our own argument or framework. Pointing out the strength and weakness of a theory gives us a better understanding of the theories framework and also a better understanding of other theories. There are many theories that are critical parts of sociology, but there are two that interest me in particular. One is a theory that has classical roots, functionalism and the other, that has contemporary roots is feminism. Functionalism is a theory created by Emile Durkheim, which is the theory that social institutions in society exist to serve some important and necessary function to keep society running.…

    • 1713 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Sociological Analysis

    • 765 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Sociology is the study of social behavior in human groups focusing on relationships, influences, attitudes, behaviors, and how societies develop and change. Sociology explains the important matters in personal lives and the world like causes and consequences in romantic love life, racial and gender identity, family conflict, religious faith, poverty and wealth, discrimination, social movements, etc. Sociology enlightens the way we see and understand…

    • 765 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays