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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture
A person's fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling
Socialization is a matter of...
Nurture rather than nature
Freud's term for the human being's basic drives
Freuds term for a person's conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society
Freud's term for the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses
Sensorimotor stage
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first use language and other symbols
Preoperational stage
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings
Concrete operational stage
Piaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals think abstractly and critcally
Formal operational stage
George Herbert Mead's term for the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image
Charles Horton Cooley's term for a self-image based on how we think others see us
Looking-glass self
People, such as parents, who have special importance for socialization
Significant others
Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves
Generalized Other
Father of psychoanalysis and the model of the human personality
Sigmund Freud
Believed that human development involves both biological maturation and gaining social experience.
Jean Piaget
Applied Piaget's approach to stages of moral development
Lawrence Kohlberg
Rightness judged in terms of our individual needs
Preconventional terms
Rightness judged in terms of parentlal attitudes and norms
Conventional terms
Rightness judged in terms of society as a whole
Postconventional terms
Found that gender plays an important part in moral development, which males relying more on abstract standards of rightness and females relying more on the effects of actions on relationships
Carol Gilligan
Identifies challenges that individuals face at each stage of life from infancy to old age.
Erik H. Erikson
A social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common
Peer group
Learning that helps a person achieve a desired position
Anticipatory socialization
The means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience
Mass media
Usually the first setting of socialization
Give most children their first experience with bureaucracy and impersonal evaluation
The study of aging and the elderly
A form of social organization in which the elderly have most the wealth, power, and prestige
Prejudice and discrimination against older people
A category of people with something in common, usually their age
A setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and controlled by an administrative staff
Total institution
Radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment