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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The recognized violation of cultural norms
The violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
Social control
The organizations--police, courts, and prison officials--that respond to alleged violations of the law
Criminal justice system
-Focus on abnormality
-Explain human behavior as the result of biological instincts
Biological theories of deviance
-Focus on individual abnormality
-See deviance as the result of "unsuccessful socialization"
Psychological theories of deviance
-What is deviant varies from place to place according to cultural norms
-Behavior and individuals become deviant as others define them that way
-What and who a society defines as deviant reflect who has social power and who does not
Sociological theories of deviance
The idea that deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
Labeling theory
A powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity
The transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
Medicalization of deviance
crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations
White-collar crime
The illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
Corporate crime
A business supplying illegal goods or services
Organized crime
A criminal act against a person or a person's property by an offender motivated by racial or other bias
Hate crime
Crimes that direct violence or threat of violence against others
Crimes against the person
Crimes that involve theft of money or property belonging to others
Crime against property
Violations of law in which there are no obvious victims
Victimless crimes
Rendering an offender incapable of further offenses temporarily through imprisonment or permanently by execution
Societal protection
Later offenses by people previously convicted of crimes
Criminal recidivism