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15 Cards in this Set

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Social Network
A series of social relationships that links a person directly to others and through them indirectly to more people
Social institutions
Organized patterns of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs, such as replacing personnel and preserving order
Mechanical solidarity
All individuals perform the same tasks
Organic Solidarity
Collective consciousness resting on the need a society's members have for one another
Division of labor
Ferdinand Tönnies
(1955-1936)
-Gemeinschaft:community is typical of rural life, small, people have similar backgrounds and life experiences, interactions familiar, little privacy
-Gesellschaft: ideal type characteristic of modern urban life, most strangers, relationships governed by social roles, self interest dominates, social control=laws
Sociocultural Evolution
Process of change and development in human societies that results from cumulative growth in their stores of cultural information
Preindustrial societies
-Hunting and gathering: rely on whatever foods are available, little divion of labor, small dispersed groups
-Horticultural: plant seeds and crops, tools and household objects, less nomadic
-Agrarian: engaged primarily in production of food, technology=plow
Industrial Society
A society that depends on mechanization to produce its goods and servies
Postindustrial Societies
(Daniel Bell)
technologically advanced, economic systems engaged in the processing and control of information
Postmodern Society
technologically sophisticated society that is preoccupied with consumer goods and media images
Classical Theory
Scientific Management Approach
Workers are motivated almost entirely by economic rewards
-only physical restraints limit productivity
Human Relations Approach
Emphasizes the roles of people, communication, and participation within a bureaucracy
Collective Decision making
Active involvement of employee problem-solving groups in corporate management
Minimal Hierarchy
-Flatter organizational structure
-offers workers grater access to those in authority
-give opportunity to voice concerns
Work teams
Project teams= address ongoing issues
Task Forces= pursue nonrecurring issues