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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tigris and Euphrates River
Rivers at the end of the Mesopotamia
Overflowed yearly and deposited silt onto the soil which made Mesopotamia's land great for framing
People didn't know when flood would come
Could get water, transportation, waste removal from it
Composed of Assyria, Akkad, and Sumer
Means land "between the rivers"
Irrigation created here
Fertile Crescent at eastern end
Little rain, but rich soil
Fertile Crescent
Arc of land from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. Land had rich soil and abundant crops which meant it was able to sustain early civilizations.
The creators of the first Mesopotamian civilizations
Origins is a mystery, but by 3000 BC, they had developed many independent cities in Southern Mesopotamia (Eridu, Ur, and Uruk)
As cities expanded, they came to have political and economic control over the surrounding countryside.
a city in southern Mesopotamia
basic units of Sumerian civilization
Temple built atop a massive stepped tower in the center of Sumerian cities
People devoted much time and wealth to these temples
Most prominent building in city and dedicated to a god or goddess
government based on divine authority
Semetic people who got their name from their language, Semetic
North of Sumerian city-state
Leader of the Akkadians
Came about around 2340 BC and over ran the Sumerian city-states to set up the first empire
a large political unit of state, usually under a single ruler
City-state south of Akkad
Place where new empire leader (after Sargon) came - around 1792 BC
Leader of the empire that gained control of Sumer and Akkad to create a Mesopotamian kingdom
Came to control much of Mesopotamia
After his death, empire fell quickly because of a series of weak leaders
Code of Hammarubi
Based on a strict system of justice
Penalties were very severe (Even more severe if injustice was done to a noble by someone from the lower class)
Based on retaliation - an eye for an eye.
society dominated by men
belief in many gods
"Wedge-shaped" system of writing
Used reed stylus to make a wedge-shaped impression in clay tablets
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The first written novel ever
A Mesopotamian epic poem