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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is APS?
What is the purpose of APS?
American Psychological Society. Purpose is to advance the discipline of psychology from a scientific perspective.
Society for I/O - Division 14
What are the different names for the field of I/O, internationally?
occupational psychology, work and organizational psychology, industrial psychology
What are the two "sides" of I/O psychology?
Professional side: application of knowledge to solve real problems in the world of work.
Academic discipline: study, research, analysis
Principal work settings of I/O psychologists
Consulting firms (35%), Universities (39%), Industry (20%), Government (6%)
Name the fields of I/O psychology
Selection/Placement, Training/Development, Performance Appraisal, Organizational Development, Quality of Worklife, Ergonomics
Designing tools, equipment, and machines that are compatible with human skills
To be licensed, are psychology specialty licences required?
Why is I/O psychology licensure considered controversial?
Original purpose of licensure in psychology was to protect the public in the health care areas of psychology. However, I/O psychologists are not health care providers.
W.L. Bryan
considered the precursor to the "father of I/O"; he published paper about how professional telegraphers develop skill in sending and receiving Morse code.
What year did "industrial psychology" begin? When did the appendage of "organizational" begin?
1910; 1970
Walter Dill Scott
Book on "Theory of Advertising"; 1903; improving human efficiency with imitation, competition, loyalty, concentration
Frederick W. Taylor
self-trained engineer; showed that workers who handled heavy iron ingots could be more productive if they had work rests; training employees when to work and when to rest increased average worker productivity; inhumanely exploited workers for a higher wage and that great numbers of workers would be unemployed because fewer were needed
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
human aspects of time maagement; mother of twelve; effects of stress and fatigue on workers
Hugo Munsterberg
applying traditional psychological methods to practical industrial problems; selecting workers, designing work situations, using psychology in sales
Army Alpha
intelligence test developed during WWI by I/O psychologists for the selection and placement of military personnel
Army Beta
A nonverbal intelligence test developed during WWI by I/O psycholoigsts to assess literature recruits
Bureau of Salesmanship Research
developed by Walter Bingham at Carnegie Institute of Technology; cooperation between college and industry
Psychological Corporation
-by whom
-what year
-its purpose
founded by James Cattell in 1921; purpose was to advance psychology and promote its usefulness to industry
Hawthorne studies
joint venture between Western Electric and Harvard University researchers; to find relationship between lighting and efficiency
Hawthorne effect
postive change in behavior that occurs at the onset of an intervention followed by a gradual decline, often to the original level of the behavior prior to the intervention
Army General Classification Test (AGCT)
test developed during WWII by I/O psychologists for the selection and placement of miliatary personnel
Situational Stress Tests
project undertaken by the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS); purpose of testing program was to assess candidates for assignment to military intelligence units; emotional testing (frustration/tolerance)
I/O Division of APA
Ergonomics aka
engineering psychology
Elton Mayo
founder of what became known as the human relations movement; emphasis on individual needs, informal groups, social relationships as primary basis for behavior within organizations
1964 Civil Rights Act
reduce unfair discrimination against minorities
1990 Americans with Disabilities Act / Civil Rights Act
both were designed to remedy further inequities in the workplace
1993 William Clinton; Family and Medical Leave Act
grants workers up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave from work to attend to family and medical issues
Project A
Developing the ASVAB (test developed in the 1980's by I/O psychologists for the selection and placement of military personnel
networks of suppliers, distributors, and customers who make products and render services by exchanging information online
Chief information officer
Cross cultural psychology
area of reearch that examines the degree to which psychological concepts and findings generalize to people in other cultures and societies