• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The term used to describe the physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are appraised as threatening or challenging.
Stress-causing events
Stress from unpleasant/negative stressors


-Stress from positive events that cause a person to have to adapt/change

-The optimal amount of stress people need to promote health and wellbeing


An unpredictable event that happens on a large scale and creates a great amount of stress and feelings of threat

The Social Readjustment Rating Scale


-Created by Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe

-Idea that any event that causes people to change, adapt, or adjust their lifestyle causes stress

-Negative and positive events both cause people to need to adapt

-Measures a person's amount of stress by adding up the total "life change units" associated w/ each major event on the scale (from last 12 months)

Correlation b/w SSRS score and risk of illness/accidents

As the score goes up, so does the risk of having an illness or accident

The College Undergraduate Stress Scale (CUSS)

Version of the SSRS that uses life events more likely to be experienced by college students


-Bulk of our stress

-Minor frustrations/delays/accidents/annoyances

Lazarus & Folkman

-Developed a "hassle scale"

-Includes hassles like "misplacing things" or "troublesome neighbors"

-Person rates how much of a hassle each thing was to them (0=didn't happen, or wasn't a hassle)

Hassles vs. Major events re: Health

-Major life events (SSRS score) predicted long term effects on chronic physical and mental health, while hassles (Hassle Scale score) predicted short term illnesses such as headaches, colds, and backaches

-Perceived severity of the hassles was a better predictor than the number of hassles

Sources of hassles

-Can be different depending on age/developmental stage

-3 to 5 age group: getting teased=biggest daily hassle

-6 to 10: getting bad grades

-11 to 15: pressure to use drugs

-16 to 22: trouble at work/school

-Adults: fighting among family members

-Elders: lack of money

-Old people were more strongly affected by things like going shopping, appointments, and bad weather


Urgent demands on a person's behavior from an outside source


The less control a person has over the situation, the greater the stress

Rodin and Langer

-Experimented with people in a nursing home having control over their lives

-Those given more control were more active and sociable than the control group


Caused when a person is blocked from achieving a desired goal or fulfilling a perceived need

Internal frustrations

-Also known as 'personal frustrations'

-Caused when a goal or need cannot be attained b/c of personal characteristics

-Ex. Person wants to be an astronaut but has severe motion sickness

Typical responses to frustration

1). Persistence - try to get around frustration

2). Aggression

3). Displaced aggressive

4). Escape/withdrawal


-Actions meant to harm or destroy

-Frequent response to frustration, but rarely the first

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

-Early behaviorists

-Frustration nearly always precedes aggression, but aggression does not always follow frustration

-Frustration creates an internal "readiness to aggress" but aggression will not follow unless certain external cues are present

Displaced aggression

When an aggressive response to frustration is taken out on somebody who is not the cause of the frustrations (Ex. having a bad day and then coming home and yelling at your spouse)

Approach-approach conflict

-A person experiences desires for two goals, each of which are attractive

-"Win-win" situation

-Not very stressful

Avoidance-avoidance conflict

-Choice b/w two or more goals or events that are unpleasant

-"Caught between a rock and a hard place"

-Much more stressful

Approach-avoidance conflict

-Only involved one goal/event

-Goal/event has both positive and negative aspects

-Most stressful of conflict types

Double approach-avoidance conflict

Choice b/w two goals/events, both which have positive and negative aspects