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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The role the president plays as the ceremonial head of the nation that can also make the president a symbol of national unity during times of crisis.


The chief executive officer of a government - The president is the head of the government of the United States.


A person actually born in the United States


A person born in another country who becomes a citizen of the United States by procedures set by Congress.


Ratified in 1951 - limits presidents to two terms in office.


Article II of the constitution confers powers on the president. Article II, Section I: "The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States."

Stewardship Theory

Theory by President Teddy Roosevelt: the president can undertake any act as long as it is not prohibited by a specific provision of the Constitution or statutory law

Constitutional Theory

The concept that the president cannot exercise any power unless it is based on a specific constitutional provision or legislative grant.

Executive Office of the President

Created in 1939, serves as the managerial arm of the presidency.

Includes agencies like the National Security Council, The Office of Management and Budget, and the Council of Economic Advisers.

Office of Management and Budget

An agency of the Executive Office of the President that provides the president with budgetary information and advise and is responsible for compiling the president's annual budget proposal to Congress.

National Security Council

Designed to provide the president with advice and policy coordination on questions of national security.

Members include the president, vice president, secretaries of state and defense, and any other official the president may add.

Council of Economic Advisers

Part of the Executive Office of the President, they have the primary task of analyzing economic issues for the president.

Twenty-Fifth Amendment

Ratified in 1967 - provides the mechanism for the vice president to assume the presidency in the event of a presidential disability and the selection of a replacement for the vice president should that office become vacant.

Executive Agreement

Agreements between heads of states that do not require approval by the senate - no clear distinctions between the substance of a treaty and an executive agreement.

Commander in Chief Clause

Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution names the President as the civilian head of US military forces

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

A congressional resolution passed in 1964 granting President Johnson the authority to undertake military activities in Southeast Asia.