The Civil Rights Case: Plessy V. Ferguson

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Civil Rights Question:
Plessy v. Ferguson was a case in which the Supreme Court upheld racial segregation on the basis of “separate but equal” and was seen as not violating the 14th Amendment which guarantees equal protection under the law. Under the “separate but equal” doctrine each race as equal and would receive all public accommodations and other living resource but would be separated by race. However, the 14th Amendment, mainly the Equal Protection Clause was written to protect everyone no matter the race from being deprived “life, liberty, and property”. The biggest of the 14th Amendment limitations that were that not stated or implied is a race being inferior to another race. Moreover, this idea allowed them to keep different races
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Prior to this case, African Americans were seen and felt that they were an inferior race at the time. Moreover, segregation would then deprive African American children of some of their benefits within the school system. In this case, it was seen as separation in school is inherently unequal and would violate the Equal Protection Clause found in the 14th Amendment. The next big step in the ending of segregation was the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In this act, it made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of one’s race, color, or religion. But before this passed they had to prove that segregation was unconstitutional. Many of the Civil Rights Cases failed to prove that segregation was unconstitutional and therefore they had to get creative to argue their point. In one of the cases, they used the Interstate Commerce Clause in Article 1, Section 8, and clause 3. They used it as a basis for saying that discrimination in public places would negatively affect the interstate commerce. Since this would affect commerce they were also able to use the Necessary and Proper Clause as well to make laws to carry out powers vested by the constitution. This approach was proven to work for the Civil Rights Cases and was the based on Article 2 found in the …show more content…
Civil liberties, also known as natural rights, are liberties and rights that are given to you at birth. An example of this is you are not free because the government allows you to be but you were born free. In addition to the first example, an illegal immigrant also has civil liberties in this country. Civil liberties cannot be taken away from you and the government cannot interfere with them. Civil rights are rights that are given to you from the government. An example for this is the right to vote, or what is granted to you in the constitution. Unlike civil liberties, civil rights can be taken away from you. An example of this is an ex-con could have their right to vote taken away from them. They could not sue under the idea that their civil liberties were violated and could not even use the Bill of Rights to support their case. Another example of relating to immigrants is that when they come to the United States they have no civil rights even though they have civil liberties. Civil liberties and rights are not similar concepts but both do play a role in the United

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